|LC control no.
|Work cat.: Williams, Tennessee. The glass menagerie, [2000?]
Graves, Warren. The last real summer : a memory play, 1986.
McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of world drama, c1972: v. 4, p. 415 (The Glass Menagerie (1944). "Memory play" in which Tom Wingfield recalls his life in St. Louis with his mother Amanda)
Wikipedia, May 2, 2017: The Glass Menagerie (The Glass Menagerie is a five-character memory play by Tennessee Williams that premiered in 1944) Memory play (Memory play is a play in which a lead character narrates the events of the play, which are drawn from the character's memory. The term was coined by playwright Tennessee Williams, describing his work The Glass Menagerie; the 1970s works of Harold Pinter, including Landscape, Silence, A Kind of Alaska, Betrayal and Old Times have been described by Michael Billington and others as memory plays; Brian Friel's Dancing at Lughnasa is a late 20th-century example of the genre; Da, by Hugh Leonard is another example of a memory play)
SparkNotes website, May 2, 2017: Literature Study Guides > The Glass Menagerie (The Glass Menagerie; Tennessee Williams; a memory play, and its action is drawn from the memories of the narrator, Tom Wingfield)
CliffsNotes website, May 2, 2017: Literature Notes > The Glass Menagerie > About The Glass Menagerie (The structure of the play involves the presentation of the scenes through the memory of one of the characters; The stage directions call for the use of several technical devices in order to convey the idea that this is a memory play. For example, some of the scenes should be presented with some type of net or gauze between the audience and the actors. Or in many places, Williams suggests the use of titles and images to be projected on a scene in order to force or reinforce the idea of memory and to recall certain events that occurred during the time of the play)
Wheeler, L.K. Literary terms and definitions, via WWW, May 2, 2017 (Memory Play: The term coined by Tennessee Williams to describe non-realistic dramas, such as The Glass Menagerie, in which the audience experiences the past as remembered by a narrator, complete with music from the period remembered, and images representing the characters' thoughts, fears, emotions, and recollections projected on a scrim in the background)
Sebastian, A.J. Literary terms in drama, theatre, and cinema, 2002 (Memory play consists of reminiscent scenes seen through light effects and music. The dramatist uses expressionistic technique in such plays with psychological presentation of characters. The protagonists cling to their happy memories of the past and day dream of happy days to come. The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams is an excellent example. In this memory play the narrator Tom regards his unhappy and troubled mother and sister in a mood of guilty sorry and tender love; the fourth wall of the building is transparent and the curtains are gauze to give the effect of a memory play)
ThoughtCo. Plays and drama website, May 2, 2017 (Memory Play: A play that focuses on the past as narrated by the main character. Usually, the play is a dramatic representation of the playwright's life -- or at least loosely based upon the playwright's experiences. Some memory plays involve narration throughout (such as the play adaptation of A Christmas Story. Other memory plays begin with a recollection made by the narrator and then shifts into a play without an interrupting narrator. (Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie is an example of this type of memory play))
OCLC, May 2, 2017 (titles: Character motivation and definition through dialog in the memory plays of Harold Pinter; Critical response to The Glass Menagerie, a memory play by Tennessee Williams; The drama of illusion : memory plays in American drama, 1920-40; Dressing memory lane : costuming characters in Warren Leight's memory play, Side man; Crossing the barriers of realism : the unreliable narrator in memory plays; Memorable acts/active rememberers : contemporary Canadian memory plays)