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Charles III, the Fat, Emperor, 839-888

LC control no.n 2003037040
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingCharles III, the Fat, Emperor, 839-888
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Variant(s)Charles III, Emperor, 839-888
Charles, the Fat, Emperor, 839-888
Le Gros, Charles, Emperor, 839-888
Charles, le Gros, Emperor, 839-888
Charles III, the Fat, Emperor of the Occident, 839-888
Carolus III, Crassus, Emperor, 839-888
Karolus III, Crassus, Emperor, 839-888
Karl III, der Dicke, Emperor, 839-888
Carl III, Emperor, 839-888
Carlo III, il Grosso, Emperor, 839-888
Carlo III, el Gordo, Emperor, 839-888
Carolus, Crassus, Emperor, 839-888
Karl, der Dicke, Emperor, 839-888
Carlo, il Grosso, Emperor, 839-888
See alsoLudwig, King of the East Franks, 804-876
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Biography/History noteCharles III, known as Charles the Fat (839-888), was the last Carolingian emperor. The youngest son of Ludwig (Louis the German), King of the East Franks, Charles reunited Charlemagne's former empire by successively (from 876 to 884) becoming ruler of its various kingdoms and lordships. In February 881, he was crowned Emperor by Pope John VIII. In November 887, however, he was deposed by his nephew Arnulf of Carinthia, then died in January 888. He was buried in Abtei Reichenau.
Associated countryCarolingian Empire
Germany Italy France
East Francia
Associated placeReichenau (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)
Birth date0839-06-13
Death date0888-01-13
Place of birthDonaueschingen (Germany)
Bavaria (Duchy)
Place of deathNeidingen (Germany)
AffiliationAbtei Reichenau
Found inMaclean, Simon. Kingship and policy in the late ninth century, 2003: CIP galley (Charles the Fat; last of the Carolingian emperors; b. 839; d. 888)
WWW Google (Charles le Gros; b. 839; d. Jan. 13, 888; fils du roi Louis; couronné Empereur d'Occident à Rome, Feb. 12, 881; 882 couronné roi de Germanie; 884 couronné roi de France)
GDEL (Charles III le Gros; 839-888; empereur d'Occident)
Stoclet, Alain J. From Baghdād to Beowulf, 2005: page 155 (Charles III, the Fat, the current emperor (881-887), patron of Notker the Stammerer of St Gall, to whom Notker addresses his Gesta Karoli imperatoris; son of Louis "the Illustrious" (i.e., the German), grandson of Louis "the Pious," great-grandson of subject of Notker's opus, Charlemagne)
DNB GND, 23 March 2020 (authorized access point: Karl III., Heiliges Römisches Reich, Kaiser; other names: Carl III., Heiliges Römisches Reich, Kaiser; Carolus III., Imperium Romano-Germanicum, Imperator; Karl III., Ostfränkisches Reich, König; Charles III., Emperor, Karl III., Römischer Kaiser, Karl III, Römischer Kaiser, Karl, der Dicke, Karl, Kaiser, Karl, Fränkischer König, Charles, le Gros, Charles, the Fat, Karolus, Crassus, Karl III, Kaiser des Römisch-Deutschen Reiches, Karl III, Kaiser des Römisch-Deutschen Reichs, Karl III, Ostfränkischer König, Karl III, König, Ostfränkisches Reich, Charles III, Emperor, Carolus III, Imperator, Imperium Romano-Germanicum; gender: masculine; life dates: 839-888; country: Germany; record ID: 118630938)
BnF, 23 March 2020 (authorized access points: current French form: Charles III (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident); international Latin form: Carolus Crassus (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident); rejected forms: Karl III (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident), Karl der Dicke (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident), Charles le Gros (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident), Charles the Fat (0839-0888 ; empereur d'Occident); sex: masculine; country: code non adapté (no corresponding code); birth: 0839; death: 0888-01-13; notes: son of Louis le Germanique; roi d'Alémanie (876-882); empereur d'Occident (881-887); roi de Germanie de (882-887); roi des Francs (884-887); associated forms: Empire carolingien -- 840-924, France -- 877-888; ISNI 0000 0001 0805 2401; record no: FRBNF14509087)
Early lives of Charlemagne, 1922, viewed online 23 March 2020: introduction, page xxi (the Emperor Charles III)
Britannica academic, 23 March 2020: Charles III (Charles III, byname Charles The Fat, French Charles Le Gros, German Karl Der Dicke (born 839, Bavaria?-died Jan. 13, 888, Neidingen), Frankish king and emperor, whose fall in 887 marked final disintegration of empire of Charlemagne; although controlled France briefly, is usually not reckoned among the kings of France; became king of Swabia on death of his father, Louis the German, in 876; in 879, on resignation of brother Carloman (died 880), took over kingdom of Italy; crowned emperor by Pope John VIII in 881; Saxony fell to Charles on death of his brother Louis the Younger (882), and Charles became king of all the East Franks; on deaths of West Frankish kings Louis III (882) and Carloman (884), Charles reunited (885) under his rule empire of Charlemagne with exception of Provence; rising in East Francia: his nephew Arnulf took over the government (Frankfurt, November 887)) Carolingian dynasty (Charles III the Fat, youngest son of Louis the German; the imperial title passed to him in 881)
Wikipedia, 23 March 2020 (Charles the Fat; Charles III (13 June 839-13 January 888), also known as Charles the Fat; emperor of Carolingian Empire 881-888; member of Carolingian dynasty, youngest son of Louis the German and Hemma, and a great-grandson of Charlemagne; last Carolingian emperor of legitimate birth, last to rule over all realms of the Franks; born in Donaueschingen, East Francia, Carolingian Empire; over his lifetime, became ruler of the various kingdoms of Charlemagne's former empire: lordship over Alamannia (Alemannia) in 876, Italian kingdom in 879 (879-886, spent most of his reign in his Italian kingdom), territories of Saxony and Bavaria in 882, and (upon death of his cousin Carloman II) inherited all West Francia in 884, thus reuniting entire Carolingian Empire; crowned Emperor in 881 by Pope John VIII; during coup led by nephew Arnulf of Carinthia November 887, Charles was deposed in East Francia, Lotharingia, and Kingdom of Italy; forced into quiet retirement, died just a few weeks after deposition, in Neidingen, East Francia, Carolingian Empire; buried in Abbey of Reichenau, Lake Constance; Empire quickly fell apart after his death, splintering into 5 separate successor kingdoms; nickname Charles the Fat (Latin Carolus Crassus) first used in 12th century, by Annalista Saxo; the nickname has stuck and is the common name in most modern European languages (French Charles le Gros, German Karl der Dicke, Italian Carlo il Grosso); his numeral is roughly contemporary: Regino of Prüm: Carolus imperator, tertius huius nominis et dignatitis)
Wikidata, 23 March 2020 (Charles the Fat (Q150712); Spanish: Carlos III el Gordo; also known as, Spanish: Carlos el Gordo; description: Holy Roman Emperor; noble title: emperor of Occident, monarch of Italy, king of Aquitaine, king of Germany [title not adopted until 11th century], king of Franks; date of birth: 839; place of birth: East Francia; date of death: 13 January 888, Gregorian; place of death: Neudingen; position held: king of West Francia, June 885-November 887)