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Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598

LC control no.n 50002381
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingOrtelius, Abraham, 1527-1598
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Variant(s)Ortel, Abraham, 1527-1598
Oertel, Abraham, 1527-1598
Ortels, Abraham, 1527-1598
Ortelio, Abramo, 1527-1598
Ortelius, Abrahamus, 1527-1598
Hortel, Abraham, 1527-1598
Ortell, Abraham, 1527-1598
Wortels, Abraham, 1527-1598
Bartolus, Arameis, 1527-1598
Ortelio, Abraamo, 1527-1598
Bartolus, Abraham, 1527-1598
Bartholus Arameis, Abraham, 1527-1598
Ortelius, A. (Abraham), 1527-1598
Orthellius, Abraham, 1527-1598
Ortellio, Abram, 1527-1598
See alsoColleague: Mercator, Gerhard, 1512-1594
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Colleague: Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568
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Assistant: Hoefnagel, Joris, 1542-1601
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Friend: Plantin, Christophe, approximately 1520-1589
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Colleague: Camden, William, 1551-1623
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Friend: Mercator, Gerhard, 1512-1594
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Friend: Meteren, Emmanuel van, 1535-1612
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Friend: Hoefnagel, Joris, 1542-1601
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Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598
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Corporate body: St. Lukasgilde (Antwerp, Belgium)
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Associated countryHoly Roman Empire Brabant (Duchy)
Associated placeGermany
LocatedAntwerp (Belgium)
Birth date1527-04-14
Death date1598-06-28
Place of birthAntwerp (Belgium)
Place of deathAntwerp (Belgium)
Field of activityCartography Map industry and trade Geography Atlases Booksellers and bookselling Humanism Classical geography
AffiliationSt. Lukasgilde (Antwerp, Belgium)
Sint-Michielsabdij (Antwerp, Belgium)
Profession or occupationCartographers Map dealers Geographers Booksellers and bookselling Humanists Classicists Antiquarians
Found inIn "mondo" di Abramo Ortelio, c1998.
Ortelius, Abraham. Epitome Theatri Orteliani, 1589: leaf A2 recto (D. Abrahamus Ortelius)
VIAF, 5 August 2019 (authorized access points in VIAF cluster: Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598, Oertel, Abraham, 1527-1598, Ortelius, Abraham, Abraham Ortelius (Wikidata); Ortelius, Abraham (Flemish geographer and cartographer, 1527-1598), Hortel, Abraham, 1527-1598; VIAF ID: 32104723 (Personal))
DNB, 5 August 2019 (authorized access point: Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598; other names: Ortell, Abraham, Wortels, Abraham, Bartolus Arameis, Ortelius, Abrahamus, Hortel, Abraham, Oertel, Abraham, Ortels, Abraham, Ortelio, Abraamo, Ortel, Abraham, Bartolus, Abraham, Bartholus Arameis, Abraham, Ortelio, Abramo; sex: masculine; dates: 1527-1598; country: Germany; Belgium; language: German; place of birth, death, and activity: Antwerpen; occupations: geographer, cartographer, archaeologist; relationships to persons: Bruto, Giovanni Michele, Caesar, Caius Julius, Hirtius, Aulus, Orsini, Fulvio, Zetzner, Lazarus; record ID: 118736590)
Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 5 August 2019: Ortelius, Abraham (Ortelius, Abraham (1527-1598); map maker; born at Antwerp 4 April 1527 (his grandfather Wilhelm Ortels had migrated from Augsburg to Antwerp); spent life in Antwerp; became a lifelong friend of his cousin Emanuel van Meteren, who would later settle in London; in 1547, admitted to Antwerp's Guild of Saint Luke as an illuminator of maps; assisted by sisters, soon traded in books, prints, and maps; dealer and collector of maps; went to Frankfurt book fairs, where made contact with Gerardus Mercator in 1554; travelled widely in Low Countries, France, Italy, Germany, England, and Ireland; became one of leading humanists of Low Countries; extensive network of correspondence with many European intellectuals; numerous contacts in England, including William Camden, Richard Hakluyt the elder, naturalist Thomas Penny, puritan controversialist William Charke, and map maker Humphrey Llwyd; friend of Christophe Plantin; eventually started making maps himself; wall maps, first of the world (1564); in 1570, published Theatrum orbis terrarum, considered to be the first modern atlas, handy collection of maps of the same dimensions providing a survey of the world as known up to that moment; most editions of popular version of Theatrum, pocket atlas, known under title Epitome; more map editor than original cartographer, obtained maps and information from best authorities for compilation of his atlas; as humanist, a pioneer in construction of historical maps related to ancient world, which he designed himself, in Parergon, an appendix to Theatrum (from 1579), published separately in 1624; compiled catalogue of all place names listed by classical authors, along with their modern forms; catalogue initially part of Theatrum, then published separately (Synonymia geographica, 1578; reworked as Thesaurus geographicus, 1587); published Aurei saeculi imago (1596), booklet on life and customs of the ancient Germans; obtained title "his majesty's geographer" from Philip II in 1573; died in Antwerp 28 June 1598; buried 1 July in church of St Michael in Antwerp)
Thrower, Norman J. W. Maps & civilization, 2008: page 81 (Abraham Ortelius (Oertel) of Antwerp; friend and rival of Mercator; with Theatrum orbis terrarum (1st edition May 1570), credited with producing the first modern uniformly bound collection of printed maps designed especially for this type of publication; employed the compilations of many cartographers (usually one per country with acknowledgment) but had the maps engraved on a uniform format)
Wikipedia, 6 August 2019 (Abraham Ortelius; also Ortels, Orthellius, Wortels; Brabantian cartographer and geographer, conventionally recognized as the creator of first modern atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World); born 14 April (Old Style 4 April) 1527 in Antwerp, which was then in Habsburg Netherlands (modern-day Belgium); Orthellius family originally from Augsburg; met Mercator 1564, later travelled with him, seems to have been influenced by him to become a scientific geographer; Synonymia geographica (1578) laid basis of a critical treatment of ancient geography; believed to be first person to propose idea of continental drift)
Koeman, C. The history of Abraham Ortelius and his Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1964: title page (Abraham Ortelius) pages 7, etc. (Abraham Ortels; began calling himself Ortelius when he was about 20 years old; a socially integrated intellectual; maintained intensive relationships with scholars, artists, shopkeepers, and workmen of various outlooks and religious persuasions; cousin and friend Emanuel van Meteren; through friendship with members of St. Luke Guild, developed important contacts, including Joris Hoefnagel, the engraver, who helped him with cutting copper plates for Theatrum orbis terrarum; friendship and working relationship with cartographer Gerard Mercator; social, religious, and business relationships between Ortelius and printer Plantijn; close ties with Plantijn family; carried on lively exchange of letters with men of science from many European countries; multiple visits to Italy, including 1578 trip with his friend the artist Joris Hoefnagel; trip to England in 1577, came into contact with many scholars, including William Camden and Daniel Roger; Welsh amateur historian Humfred Lhuyd was friend of Ortelius, who included De Mona Druidum in Theatrum orbis terrarum to honour his memory)
Wikidata, 6 August 2019 (Abraham Ortelius (Q232916); also known as: Abraham Ortels, Abraham Oertel, Abram Ortellio, A. Ortelius, Ortelius; description: Flemish cartographer; Flemish cartographer and geographer, born on territory of modern Belgium; sex or gender: male; country of citizenship: Flanders; date of birth: 14 April 1527; place of birth and death: Antwerp; date of death: 28 June 1598, Gregorian; languages spoken, written, or signed: Latin; occupation: cartographer, historian; work location: Antwerp)
Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 26 August 2019: Llwyd, Humphrey (Llwyd, Humphrey (1527-1568); Welsh antiquary and map maker; 1566-1567, travelled in Italy, Augsburg, Antwerp, Brussels; in Antwerp, introduced to Abraham Ortelius, the map maker, who invited him to assist in examining old place names and who sought Llwyd's advice on map of Britain; De Mona druidum insula ... epistola, letter sent by Llwyd to Ortelius dated 5 April 1568, published by Ortelius in his atlas Theatrum orbis terrarum (1570); Llwyd's maps: Cambriae typus, map of Wales sent to Ortelius, printed as supplement to Theatrum orbis terrarum 1573 edition, map of England and Wales published by Ortelius in Additamentum of 1573)
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