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Mont-Saint-Michel (Abbey : France)

LC control no.n 50005736
Descriptive conventionsrda
Corporate name headingMont-Saint-Michel (Abbey : France)
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Variant(s)Mont St. Michel, France (Benedictine Abbey)
Mont-St.-Michel (Abbey : France)
Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel (France)
See alsoHierarchical superior: Fraternités monastiques de Jérusalem
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Hierarchical superior: Benedictines
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Beginning date[0965,0966]
Associated countryFrance
Associated placeNormandy (France) Manche (France)
LocatedLe Mont-Saint-Michel (France)
Field of activityMonasticism and religious orders Christian life
AffiliationFraternités monastiques de Jérusalem
Special noteAuthorized access point for the abbey on the tidal island of Mont-Saint-Michel, in the commune (local jurisdiction) Le Mont-Saint-Michel. For the commune, use: Le Mont-Saint-Michel (France) (n 81100655).
Found inBesnard, C. H. Mont-Saint-Michel, 1927.
Hunt, E. F. The architecture of Mont-St.-Michel ... 1928.
Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel website, 26 September 2017: main page (Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel; le Mont-Saint-Michel and its abbey; history: the cult of Saint Michael was established on the Mont in 708; became one of the greatest centers of medieval pilgrimage; the Benedictines constructed an abbey there from the 10th century; abandoned by the monks in 1790, the abbey was classified as a historical monument in 1874) Histoire de l'abbaye (Benedictines installed themselves there in 966 at the request of the duc de Normandie, Richard Ier; the abbey quickly became a site of Christian pilgrimage and a center of medieval culture where a great number of manuscripts were produced, conserved, and studied; le Mont-Saint-Michel took on the name of "Cité des livres" [City of books]; on the border between Normandy and Brittany, became a fortress of the Duché de Normandie; following the French Revolution, properties of the Church were declared national assets, the monks were chased out, and "Mont libre" became a prison for refractory priests; 1811-1863, became a prison essentially for prisoners of common law, as well as a few political prisoners; classified as a historical monument in 1874, its restoration began; in 1969, a small community of Benedictine monks installed itself in the abbey; then, in 2001, it was replaced by the Fraternités monastiques de Jérusalem) Le Mont-Saint-Michel et sa baie (Mont-Saint-Michel remains as an island when the bay is covered twice a day by the tide)
Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, 26 September 2017: Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel (Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel; located on the French commune of Mont-Saint-Michel, in département of Manche, Normandy; the partly legendary and miraculous account of the Christian foundation of the abbey is based on a Latin text drawn up in the 9th century; the Benedictine abbey was founded in 965 or 966; the last Benedictines left the abbey in 1791, during the French Revolution; became a prison from 1793; Napoleon III closed the prison in 1863; the abbey was classified as a historical monument in 1874; worship was restored in 1922; the Benedictine monks gradually left the Mont after 1979; brothers and sisters of the Fraternités monastiques de Jérusalem, come from l'Église Saint-Gervais de Paris, replaced them)
Wikipedia, 26 September 2017: Mont Saint Michel Abbey (Mont Saint Michel Abbey; located within the city and island of Mont-Saint-Michel in Lower Normandy, in the department of Manche; has been protected as a French monument historique since 1862; a cultural site)
Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, 28 September 2017: Mont-Saint-Michel (Mont-Saint-Michel; Le Mont-Saint-Michel; French commune; takes its name from the rocky island dedicated to Saint Michael where Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel is located today; in 2014, the commune had 36 inhabitants; in addition to the islet itself, the commune includes two separate pieces of land, adjacent to the communes of Beauvoir and Pontorson)
Wikipedia, 28 September 2017 (Mont Saint-Michel; Le Mont Saint-Michel; Norman: Mont Saint Miché; English: Saint Michael's Mount [referring to the island]; an island commune in département of Manche, Normandy, France, about 1 kilometre off the country's northwestern coast; town; as of 2009, the population was 44; since the 8th century AD, the tidal island has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its name; the islet belongs to the French commune of Le Mont-Saint-Michel; 48° 38ʹ 9.6ʺ N, 1° 30ʹ 41.04ʺ W; 48.636, -1.5114)
Associated languagefre