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Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm, 1851-1913

LC control no.n 79107270
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingDiefenbach, Karl Wilhelm, 1851-1913
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Variant(s)Diefenbach, K. W., 1851-1913
Diefenbach, Carl Wilhelm, 1851-1913
Other standard no.18031593
LocatedMunich (Germany) Vienna (Austria)
Birth date1851-02-21
Death date1913-12-15
Place of birthHadamar (Germany)
Place of deathCapri (Italy)
Field of activityPainting Symbolism in art Alternative lifestyles Nudism Vegetarianism
Profession or occupationPainters Social reformers Nudists Vegetarians
Found inKarl Wilhelm Diefenbach, 1979 (subj.) cover (Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach, Hadamar 1851-Capri 1913)
Bénézit, E. Dict. crit. e document. des peintres, sculpt., dessin. et grav., 1976: (Diefenbach, Karl-Wilhelm; b. 2/21/1851, Hadamar, Nassau)
Künstler Lexikon, 1913 (Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm)
Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm. Per aspera ad astra, 1914: title page (Schattenfries von K.W. Diefenbach)
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, September 20, 2016 (Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm; gender: male; other names: Diefenbach, Karl-Wilhelm, Diefenbach, Carl Wilhelm; life dates: 1851-1913; occupation: painter; German painter and sculptor)
German Wikipedia, September 20, 2016 (Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach (born 21 February 1851 in Hadamar; died 15 December 1913 on Capri); German painter and social reformer; considered the father of the alternative movement and one of the most important champions of the back-to-nature lifestyle ("Lebensreform"), nudism and the peace movement; his commune Himmelhof in the Vienna district Ober-St.-Veit (1897-1899) was the model for the reform commune Monte Verità near Ascona; as a painter he is an independent representative of symbolism; while living in Munich, he wore a robe and sandals and advocated life in harmony with nature, a rejection of monogamy and all organized religions, exercise in the open air and the practice of nudism, as well as a vegan diet; was mocked and persecuted as a "kohlrabi-apostle"; an exhibition in Vienna in 1892 was a huge success and brought him fame, but he lost all his works to intrigues of the direction of the Österreichischer Kunstverein; he fled to Egypt and designed huge temples, then returned to Vienna in 1897, where he found supportrs and gathered disciples in the Himmelhof commune; after its bankruptcy, he moved to the Isle of Capri, where he died in 1913)
Kobel, Stefan. "Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm," in Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon Online, September 20, 2016 (Diefenbach, Karl Wilhelm, German painter and silhouette artist, born 21.2.1851 Hadamar/Hessen, died 15.12.1913 Capri)
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