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Freund, Gisèle

LC control no.n 79109184
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingFreund, Gisèle
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Variant(s)Freud, Gisèle
Freund, Gisèle, 1908-2000
Freud, Gisèle, 1908-2000
Associated countryGermany France United States
Birth date1908-12-09
Death date2000-04-01
Place of birthSchöneberg (Berlin, Germany)
Place of deathParis (France)
Field of activityPhotography
Profession or occupationPhotographers
Found inAuthor's La photographie en France au dix-neuvième siècle ... 1936.
Neyer, H.J. Gisèle Freund, c1988: t.p. (Gisèle Freund) p. 78 (b. 12/19/08)
Culturekiosque WWW site, 12 Mar. 1999: Giséle Freund's Boutique of Historical Photographs page (b. 1908, one of Europe's most eminent photographers)
N.Y. times, Apr. 1, 2000 (Gisèle Freund; photographer, founding member of Magnum Photo Agency; b. Berlin 1908; fled Germany to Paris in 1933; d. Apr. 1 in Paris, aged 91)
Information from 678 converted Dec. 15, 2014 (b. 1912)
La fotografía como documento social, 1976: title page (Gisèle Freud)
Archives West (website), viewed March 10, 2023: Gisèle Freund Papers, 1933-1990 (Gisèle Freund was born December 19, 1908, in the Schoneberg district of Berlin, Germany, to Jewish parents who had a passion for collecting art. Her father's gift of a camera to the fifteen-year-old Gisèle set the course of her life. During her university years in Frankfurt, where she studied sociology, Freund took an active political stand against National Socialism. Forced to flee Germany in 1933, she landed in Paris with little more than a suitcase containing her camera and some photographic documentation of Nazi violence. At the Sorbonne her doctoral studies emphasized the history of nineteenth century French photography. Her friendship with Adrienne Monnier, the proprietress of La Maison des Amis des Livres bookshop (which published her dissertation) provided Freund with access to the literary elite of Paris. The exigency to make a living led Freund to photography as a serious vocation. Life magazine published some of Freund's early projects in the mid-1930s. Other significant commissions from that period include the dust jacket photographs for the first hard cover editions of Andre Malraux's Man's Fate (1935) and James Joyce's Finnegans Wake (1939). In 1939, Freund had her first private showing at the Peggy Guggenheim Gallery in London. In 1940, Freund fled Nazi-occupied Paris, first to southern France and then to South America, where she continued her photographic assignments throughout the war. In 1947, she began a seven-year association with Magnum, the photographic news agency established by Robert Capa and others, including Henri Cartier-Bresson. Freund's first public exhibition was in 1975 in New York, at the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery. Three years later, Freund was awarded the photokina Kulturpreis, and she was the first woman to receive the Grand Prix National des Arts in 1980. Gisèle Freund died in Paris on April 1, 2000.)
Associated languageeng
Invalid LCCNns2014000056