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Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959

LC control no.n 79109883
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingMarshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959
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Variant(s)Ma-hsieh-erh, 1880-1959
Marshall, George Catlett, 1880-1959
Birth date1880-12-31
Death date1959-10-16
Place of birthUniontown (Fayette County, Pa.)
Place of deathWashington (D.C.)
AffiliationUnited States. Army
United States. Department of the Army. General Staff
United States. Department of State
United States. Department of Defense
Marshall Plan
Profession or occupationGenerals Nobel Prize winners Soldiers Statesmen
Found inU.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on military affairs. Strengthening the national defense. Hearing ... 77th Cong., 1st sess ... 1941.
Arlington National Cemetery Website, via WWW, October 7, 2013 (George Catlett Marshall, General of the Army; born December 31, 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania; he graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901; afterwards, he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army; on September 1, 1939, he was promoted to Chief of Staff with the rank of General; he was named General of the Army on December 16, 1944; in a succession of positions of great responsibility between 1945 and 1951, Marshall devoted his efforts to the cause of international peace and security; he spent a year in China in 1945-1946 as President Truman's representative, attempting to bring about a peaceful resolution to the conflict between the nationalists and the communists; as Secretary of State from 1947 to 1949, he developed an economic program, the Marshall Plan, that turned the tide of Communism in war-ravaged Western Europe; Marshall was one of the leaders who created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949; in his last official position as Secretary of Defense during 1950-1951, Marshall oversaw the formation of an international force, under the United Nations, that turned back the North Korean invasion of South Korea; Marshall received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1953; he died on October 16, 1959 at Walter Reed General Hospital and was buried in Section 7 of Arlington National Cemetery; the space complex within the borders of Redstone Arsenal is known as the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center)
Wikipedia, October 7, 2013 (George Marshall; George Catlett Marshall, Jr. GCB (December 31, 1880 - October 16, 1959), was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army (September 1, 1939 - November 18, 1945), Secretary of State (January 21, 1947 - January 20, 1949), and the third Secretary of Defense (September 21, 1950 - September 12, 1951); once noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall served as the United States Army Chief of Staff during the war and as the chief military adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt; Marshall's name was given to the Marshall Plan, subsequent to a commencement address he presented as Secretary of State at Harvard University in the spring of 1947; the speech broadly outlined for Europeans to create their own plan for rebuilding Europe after WWII, funded by the United States; Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize for the plan in 1953; he served in the United States Army from 1902-1959)
Associated languageeng