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Louis XI, King of France, 1423-1483

LC control no.n 79115386
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingLouis XI, King of France, 1423-1483
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Variant(s)Loys XI, King of France, 1423-1483
Lewis XI, King of France, 1423-1483
See alsoFamily: Valois, House of
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Biography/History noteLouis XI (1423-1483) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1461 to 1483. He succeeded his father Charles VII and was succeeded by his son Charles VIII.
Associated countryFrance
Birth date1423-07-03
Death date1483-08-30
Place of birthBourges (France)
Place of deathLa Riche (France)
Profession or occupationFrance--Kings and rulers
Found inInU/Wing STC files (variant: Lewis XI)
Louis XI, à Péronne, 1827: title page (by Mély-Janin; play about King Louis XI
Wikipedia, January 4, 2017 (Louis XI of France; Louis XI (3 July 1423-30 August 1483), called the Prudent (French: le Prudent), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1461 to 1483; he succeeded his father Charles VII; he was born in Bourges, Berry, France, died at the Château de Plessis-lez-Tours, France, and is burried in Notre-Dame de Cléry Basilica; Louis was a devious and disobedient Dauphin of France who entered into open rebellion against his father in a short-lived revolt known as the Praguerie in 1440; the king forgave his rebellious vassals, including Louis, to whom he entrusted the management of the Dauphiné, then a province in southeastern France. Louis' ceaseless intrigues, however, led his father to banish him from court; from the Dauphiné, Louis led his own political establishment and married Charlotte of Savoy, daughter of Louis, Duke of Savoy, against the will of his father; when Charles VII died in 1461, Louis left the Burgundian court to take possession of his kingdom; his taste for intrigue and his intense diplomatic activity earned him the nicknames the Cunning (Middle French: le rusé) and the Universal Spider (Middle French: l'universelle aragne), as his enemies accused him of spinning webs of plots and conspiracies; in 1472, the subsequent Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, took up arms against his rival Louis; however, Louis was able to isolate Charles from his English allies by signing the Treaty of Picquigny (1475) with Edward IV of England; the treaty formally ended the Hundred Years' War; with the death of Charles the Bold at the Battle of Nancy in 1477, the dynasty of the dukes of Burgundy died out; Louis took advantage of the situation to seize numerous Burgundian territories, including Burgundy proper and Picardy; without direct foreign threats, Louis was able to eliminate his rebellious vassals, expand royal power, and strengthen the economic development of his country; he was succeeded by his son Charles VIII)