The Library of Congress > LCCN Permalink

View this record in:  MARCXML | LC Authorities & Vocabularies | VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)External Link

X, Malcolm, 1925-1965

LC control no.n 79148296
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingX, Malcolm, 1925-1965
    Browse this term in  LC Authorities  or the  LC Catalog
Variant(s)Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1925-1965
Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, 1925-1965
Iks, Mālkūm, 1925-1965
Little, Malcolm, 1925-1965
Malcolm X, 1925-1965
Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1925-1965
Malik el-Shabazz, 1925-1965
Shabāz, Mālik, 1925-1965
Shabazz, el-Hajj Malik, 1925-1965
Shabazz, Malik, 1925-1965
Associated countryUnited States
Birth date1925-05-19
Death date1965-02-21
Place of birthOmaha (Neb.)
Place of deathHarlem (New York, N.Y.)
Field of activityBlack Muslims Muslims--United States Black nationalism
AffiliationNation of Islam (Chicago, Ill.)
Organization of Afro-American Unity
Muslim Mosque, Inc.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.) Massachusetts Reformatory (Concord, Mass.)
Profession or occupationCivil rights workers Imams (Mosque officers)
Special noteMachine-derived non-Latin script reference project.
Non-Latin script reference not evaluated.
Found inThe autobiography of Malcolm X, 1965.
Arbʻat muʼathirāt Sūdānīyah fī fikr Malkūlim Iks wa-masīratuhu al-daʻawīyah, 2006: t.p. (Mālkūm Iks) p. 7 (Mālik Shabāz)
Malcolm X = Al-Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1990: cover (Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz)
Britannica academic edition website, viewed Dec. 20, 2013 (Malcolm X, orig. Malcolm Little, Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz; b. May 19, 1925, Omaha, Neb.; joined the Nation of Islam while in prison 1946-1952; left the Nation of Islam Mar. 1964 and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc.; took Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz during pilgrimage to Mecca that same year; in 1965 founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity; d. Feb. 21, 1965, New York, NY, assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem)
African American National Biography, accessed September 23, 2014, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (X, Malcolm; el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz; Malcolm Little; civil rights activist, islamic leader, murder victim; born 19 May 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, United States; paroled from Concord Reformatory, Massachusetts (1952); became Elijah Muhammad's most effective minister (1950s-1960s); minister of New York Temple No. 7 (1954); national representative, Nation of Islam (1957); served as Elijah Muhammad's emissary at a secret Atlanta meeting seeking an accommodation with the Ku Klux Klan (1961); the most well-known figure in the Nation of Islam; formed Muslim Mosque, Inc. (1963); formed Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU); attended Organization of African Unity Summit Conference (1964); discussed his unity plans with leaders of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); invited members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to be guests of honor at OAAU meeting, Harlem, New York; died 21 February 1965 in York, New York, United States, Audubon Ballroom)
Associated languageeng