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Kreidolf, Ernst, 1863-1956

LC control no.n 80070488
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingKreidolf, Ernst, 1863-1956
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Variant(s)Kreidolf, Konrad Ernst Theophil, 1863-1956
Associated countrySwitzerland Germany
Associated placeKonstanz (Germany) Munich (Germany)
LocatedBern (Switzerland)
Birth date18630209
Death date19560812
Place of birthBern (Switzerland)
Place of deathBern (Switzerland)
Field of activityLithography Graphic arts Illustration of books Children's books--Illustrations
AffiliationAkademie der Bildenden Künste München Hermann Schaffstein-Verlag Kunstmuseum Bern
Profession or occupationLithographers Graphic artists Illustrators
Found inHis Ein Wintermärchen, c1924
Faltertanz und Hundefest, 2013: title page (Ernst Kreidolf) pages 123-124 (Konrad Ernst Theophil Kreidolf; born Feb. 9, 1863 in Berne [Switzerland]; moved with family to Konstanz in 1868, where his father opened a toy shop; raised by his grandparents, grew up in nearby Tägerwilen; 1879-1882 education in lithography, Schmidt-Pecht in Konstanz, and additional instruction in drawing; after graduating remained for a year as an assistant with Schmidt-Pecht, while supporting his parent through bankruptcy; sale of his lithograph "Tägerwilen" provided money for an artistic education; 1883-1885 attended Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich, working as a lithographer on the side; 1887 finally accepted into the Münchner Kunstakademie, but withdrew winter 1889 for health reasons, retiring to Partenkirchen for 6 years, where he worked on pictures with legendary and magical motives; 1892/93 first exhibition in the Kunstverein München; 1894 painted watercolors later used in the 1897 book "Blumen-Märchen", that raised keen interest in his work; a loan from his student, Marie von Schaumburg-Lippe, allowed the book to be published in 1898; art historian Josef Berlinger introduced the poet Richard Dehmel to Kreidolf, leading to a fruitful collaboration; the publisher Hermann Schafstein (after 1904 Schaffstein) put Kreidolf under exclusive contract, the result being a series of Kreidolf's most successful works; Kreidolf remained in Munich until his return to Switzerland in 1917, settling in Berne; between 1920-1935 his picture books appeared almost yearly; 1922 membership in the Berner Kunstgesellschaft and the Kommission für Neuerwerbungen des Kunstmuseum Bern; 1923 a large individual exhibition in the Kunsthaus Zürich and 1933 a retrospective exhibition in the Kunsthalle Berne, also receiving an honorary doctorate from U. Bern; died Aug. 12, 1956 in Berne)
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek online, Nov. 22, 2013 (access point: Kreidolf, Ernst; dates: 1863-1956, born and died in Berne; artist, painter, illustrator; picture book artist)
German Wikipedia, Nov. 22, 2013: "Ernst Kreidolf" (Ernst Kreidolf; actually, Konrad Ernst Theophil Kreidolf: Swiss graphic artist and illustrator of children's books; born Feb. 9, 1863 in Berne, died there Aug. 12, 1956; son of a businessman, he attended primary school In Tägerwillen and secondary school in Emmishofen; 1879-1883 education as a lithographer in Konstanz; from 1883 attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich and from 1889 the Akademie der Bildenden Künste there, while earning his living drawing wanted posters for the Münchener Fahndungsblatt; 1897 an exhibition of his watercolors in Dresden aroused interest among children's books publishers, but only a loan from the prince of Schaumburg-Lippe brought about publication of his work; from 1898 on K. primarily illustrated children's books, which he also wrote in part; returned to Berne permanently in 1918, and died there in 1956)