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Merian, Maria Sibylla, 1647-1717

LC control no.n 80115855
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingMerian, Maria Sibylla, 1647-1717
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Variant(s)Graff, Maria Sibylla Merian, 1647-1717
Graf, Maria Sibylla Merian, 1647-1717
Gräffin, M. S. (Maria Sibylla), 1647-1717
Merian, Maria Sybilla
Merian, Marii︠a︡ Sibilla
Other standard no.
Associated placeSuriname
Birth date1647-04-02
Death date1717-01-13
Place of birthGermany
Place of deathAmsterdam (Netherlands)
Field of activityEntomologists Scientific illustrators
Found inHer Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium, 1705.
Her La flora de Indias, 1986: t.p. (María Sybilla Merian)
Raupe, Puppe, Schmetterling, 2005: t.p. (Maria Sybilla Merian)
OCLC database, 23 June 2018 (access points: Merian, Maria Sibylla, Merian, Maria Sibilla, Merian, Maria Sybilla, Merian, Maria S., Merian, Maria)
Wikipedia, 23 June 2018 (Maria Sibylla Merian (2 April 1647-13 January 1717) was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family. Merian was one of the first naturalists to observe insects directly. Merian received her artistic training from her stepfather, Jacob Marrel, a student of the still life painter Georg Flegel. Merian published her first book of natural illustrations in 1675. She had started to collect insects as an adolescent and at age thirteen she raised silk worms. In 1679 Merian published the first volume of a two-volume series on caterpillars, the second volume followed in 1683. Each volume contained 50 plates engraved and etched by Merian. Merian documented evidence on the process of metamorphosis and the plant hosts of 186 European insect species. Along with the illustrations Merian included a description of their life cycles. In 1699 Merian travelled to Dutch Surinam to study and record the tropical insects. In 1705 she published "Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium." Few colour images of the New World were printed before 1700 and thus Merian's Metamorphosis has been credited with influencing a range of naturalist illustrators. Because of her careful observations and documentation of the metamorphosis of the butterfly, she is considered by David Attenborough to be among the most significant contributors to the field of entomology. She was a leading entomologist of her time and she discovered many new facts about insect life through her studies.)