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Charles IX, King of France, 1550-1574

LC control no.n 85048544
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingCharles IX, King of France, 1550-1574
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Variant(s)Carlos IX, Rey de Francia , 1550-1574
Carles IX, Rei de França, 1550-1574
Karl IX., König von Frankreich, 1550-1574
Orléans, Charles, duc d', 1550-1574
Angoulême, Charles-Maximilien, duc d', 1550-1574
See alsoFrance. Sovereign (1560-1574 : Charles IX)
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Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589
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Henry II, King of France, 1519-1559
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Francis II, King of France, 1544-1560
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Henry III, King of France, 1551-1589
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Angoulême, Charles de Valois, duc d', 1573-1650
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Teacher: Amyot, Jacques, 1513-1593
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Described in (person): Chénier, Marie-Joseph, 1764-1811. Charles IX
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Biography/History noteCharles IX, King of France (1550-1574), third son of King Henry (Henri II) and Queen Catherine de Médicis, ascended the throne in December 1560 following the death of his brother Francis (François) II. His mother was regent during his minority and influential throughout his reign. He was succeeded by his brother Henry (Henri) III. The French Wars of the Huguenots (Wars of Religion) dominated his reign. He is particularly known for his roles in authorizing the temporary Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1570), the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (24 August 1572), and the Édit de Roussillon (1564) establishing a standard calendar throughout France. His illegitimate son, Charles de Valois, duc d'Angoulême (1573-1650), became a courtier, military leader, and memoirist.
Associated countryFrance
LocatedBlois (France) Château de Blois (Blois, France) Fontainebleau (France) Château de Fontainebleau (Fontainebleau, France) Saint-Germain-en-Laye (France)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France)
Birth date1550-06-27
Death date1574-05-30
Place of birthSaint-Germain-en-Laye (France)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France)
Place of deathVincennes (France)
Château de Vincennes (Vincennes, France)
Field of activityMonarchy France--History--Wars of the Huguenots, 1562-1598 Saint Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of, France, 1572 Calendar reform Hunting
AffiliationÉglise abbatiale de Saint-Denis (Saint-Denis, France)
Profession or occupationKings and rulers France--Kings and rulers
Found inUn tour de France royal, c1984: t.p. (Charles IX)
LC data base, 2-28-85 (hdg.: Charles IX, King of France, 1550-1574)
World biographical information system, 15 Sept. 2010 (Charles IX, b. at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 27 June 1550; crowned 15 May 1561 at Reims; d. at Vincennes, 30 May 1574)
Chénier, Marie-Joseph. Charles IX, 1790: title page (Charles IX) page 26 (son of Catherine de Médicis)
France. Sovereign (1560-1574 : Charles IX). Arrest donne par le roy, assiste de la royne sa mere, princes du sang, & autres princes & seigneurs de son Priué conseil, 1566, viewed online 14 May 2020: title page (Arrest donne par le Roy, assiste de la Royne sa mere, Princes du sang, & autres Princes & Seigneurs de son priué Conseil) page 2 (Charles par la grace de Dieu Roy de France)
Wikipedia, 13 May 2020 (Charles IX of France; Charles IX (27 June 1550-30 May 1574); King of France from 1560 until his death in 1574; born Charles Maximilian, third son of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, in royal chateau of Saint-Germain-en-Laye; styled since birth as Duke of Angoulême, was created Duke of Orléans after death of his older brother Louis 24 October 1550; ascended throne of France upon death of brother Francis II in 1560, proclaimed king 5 December 1560; Privy Council appointed his mother, Catherine de' Medici, as governor of France (gouvernante de France), at first acting as regent; reign dominated by French Wars of Religion; after 3rd war, royal debt and King's desire to seek peaceful solution led to temporary truce, Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, August 1570; allowed St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (24 August 1572) at instigation of Catherine de' Medici; during tour of France March 1564, issued Edict of Roussillon, which standardised 1 January as 1st day of year throughout France; interest in hunting, wrote a book, La Chasse Royale (published 1625); 26 November 1570, married Elisabeth of Austria: 1 daughter, Marie Elisabeth of Valois; in 1573, fathered illegitimate son, Charles, Duke of Angoulême; died at Château de Vincennes, without legitimate male issue, succeeded by his brother Henry III)
Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, 13 May 2020: Charles IX, roi de France (Charles IX (roi de France); 4th king of family of Valois-Angoulême; born Charles-Maximilien de France, 5th child, 3rd son of Henri II and Catherine de Médicis; first titled duc d'Angoulême, titled duc d'Orléans (1550-1560) after death of his brother Louis; ascended to throne at age 10, regency entrusted to his mother until his majority; massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy: Charles IX decided, probably very influenced by his mother, on the elimination of the Protestant leaders, with a few exceptions (massacre probably joint responsibility of king, his counsellors, his mother, and his brother Henri, duc d'Anjou); residences: Château de Blois, Château de Fontainebleau, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Château de Madrid; had been instructed by Jacques Amyot; cultivated letters, wrote poetry and Traité de la Chasse royale (first published 1625, reprinted 1858))
Wikidata, 13 May 2020 (Charles IX of France (Q134309); also known as: Charles IX, rei de França Carles IX, re de Francia Charles IX, roi de France Charles IX, King of France Charles IX, Carlos IX de Francia, Karl IX., König von Frankreich; description: King of France, Rey de Francia de 1560 a 1574; noble title: Duke of Orléans; date of birth: 27 June 1550; place of birth: Saint-Germain-en-Laye; date of death: 30 May 1574; place of death: Vincennes; place of burial: Basilica of Saint-Denis; father: Henry II of France; family: House of Valois; occupation: sovereign; position held: King of France, start time 15 December 1560 (replaces Francis II of France), end time 9 June 1574 (replaced by Henry III of France); awards received: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Golden Rose)
Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, 15 May 2020: Henri III (roi de France) (Henri III (roi de France); born 19 septembre 1551; baptised 5 December, given title duc d'Angoulême; upon ascendance of brother Charles IX to throne, he became duc d'Orléans; king of France 30 May 1374-2 August 1589)
Associated languagefrm