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Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856

LC control no.n 86125387
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingClayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856
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Variant(s)Clayton, John Middleton, 1796-1856
Clayton, Mr. (John Middleton), 1796-1856
Birth date1796-07-24
Death date1856-11-09
Place of birthDagsboro (Del.)
Place of deathDover (Del.)
AffiliationYale College (1718-1887)
United States. Congress. Senate
United States. Congress. Senate
United States. Department of State
United States. Congress. Senate
National Republican Party (U.S.)
Whig Party (U.S.)
Profession or occupationLegislators Lawyers
Found inNUCMC data from NJ Hist. Soc. for Kinney family. Papers, 1783-1900 (John M. Clayton)
LC data base, 2-19-87 (hdg.: Clayton, John Middleton, 1796-1856) manual cat. (US Senator, Del.; usage: John M. Clayton)
DAB (Clayton, John Middleton; 1796-1856; farmer, lawyer, statesman; s. James Clayton & Sarah Middleton; m. Sarah Ann Fisher; law practice, Georgetown & Dover, Del.; memb. US Sen.; Sec. state under Taylor)
Speech of Mr. Clayton, of Delaware ... 1832.
Biographical directory of the United States Congress, viewed March 24, 2020 (Clayton, John Middleton, (nephew of Joshua Clayton, cousin of Thomas Clayton, and great-granduncle of C. Douglass Buck), a Senator from Delaware; born in Dagsboro, Sussex County, Del., July 24, 1796; pursued preparatory studies at academies in Berlin, Md., and Milford, Del., and graduated from Yale College in 1815; studied law at the Litchfield Law School; admitted to the bar in 1819 and commenced practice in Dover; member, State house of representatives 1824; secretary of State of Delaware 1826-1828; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the United States Senate in 1829; reelected in 1835 and served from March 4, 1829, until December 29, 1836, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses); chief justice of Delaware 1837-1839; elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1845, until February 23, 1849, when he resigned to accept a Cabinet position; Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Zachary Taylor 1849-1850; while Secretary of State negotiated the Clayton-Bulwer treaty with Great Britain; again elected as a Whig (later Opposition Party) to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1853, until his death in Dover, Del., November 9, 1856; interment in Presbyterian Cemetery)
Associated languageeng