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Logan, William E. (William Edmond), Sir, 1798-1875

LC control no.n 87133941
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingLogan, William E. (William Edmond), Sir, 1798-1875
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Variant(s)Logan, W. E. (William Edmond), Sir, 1798-1875
Logan, William Edmond, Sir, 1798-1875
Other standard no.0000000073955706
Associated countryCanada Wales
LocatedSwansea (Wales) Llechryd (Ceredigion, Wales)
Birth date1798-04-20
Death date1875-06-22
Place of birthMontréal (Québec)
Place of deathCilgerran (Wales)
Field of activityGeology Geological mapping
AffiliationGeological Survey of Canada Canadian Institute (1849-1914) Royal Society (Great Britain) Geological Society of London
Swansea Philosophical and Literary Institute
Profession or occupationGeologists Cartographers
Found inLCCN 05-31437: Harrington, B.J. Life of Sir William E. Logan, 1883 (hdg.: Logan, Sir William Edmond, 1798-1875)
LC data base, 10-5-87 (hdg.: Logan, William Edmond, Sir, 1798-1875; usage: Sir William E. Logan)
OCLC, Oct. 24, 2007 (hdgs.: Logan, William E. (William Edmond), Sir, 1798-1875; Logan, W. E. (William Edmond), 1798-1875; Logan, William E.; Logan, W. E.; usages: William E. Logan; Sir William E. Logan; W.E. Logan; Sir W.E. Logan; W.E. Logan, esq., provincial geologist; Sir William E. Logan, Kt., LL. D., F.R.S., F.G.S., &c)
Dictionary of Canadian Biography WWW site, viewed July 26, 2021 (Logan, Sir William Edmond; geologist and geological cartographer, founder and first director of the Geological Survey of Canada; born April 20, 1798, Montreal, L.C.; died June 22, 1875, Cilgerran, Pembrokeshire, Wales; he worked for his uncle, Hart Logan, for over 20 years; after 1827 the management of the business was left to him; in 1831 he moved to Swansea, Wales, as manager at the Forest Copper Works, Morriston, to set up a proper system of accounts but soon realized that a continuous supply of coal for the smelters had to be guaranteed; existing geological maps of Wales had too little detail to make them useful, so he set out to make field observations and to plot them on the available topographic maps of South Wales; his maps for South Wales were adopted by the Geological Survey of Great Britain and modern revisions still bear his name as an original co-author; he helped to organize the Swansea Philosophical and Literary Institute in 1835; from 1836-1842, as honorary secretary of the institute and curator for geology, he organized an extensive collection of specimens; he was elected to the Geological Society of London in 1837; his employment in Swansea ended in 1838 with his uncle's death but he continued to live there and to make geological maps of South Wales; in 1842 he was appointed as provincial geologist for the new Geological Survey of Canada; he actively participated in the geological mapping of the Canadian provinces; by the end of the field season of 1843 he and Alexander Murray had established the united Province of Canada could be divided into three well-defined geological areas; in 1860, near Quebec City, he realized that the folded rocks had been faulted and great masses had been thrust northward up and over younger formations; this break, which separates the folded rocks to the south from the flat-lying rocks to the north, is still known as Logan's Line; the culmination of his years as director of the Survey was the publication in 1863 of the Geology of Canada, followed in 1865 by an atlas of coloured geological maps covering the entire area from Newfoundland and Nova Scotia to the central United States and Canada; he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1851 and knighted in 1856; he was elected first president of the Canadian Institute; he officially retired from the Geological Survey on November 30, 1869, taking up residence at Castle Malgwyn at Llechryd, Wales, though he returned to Canada several times)
Associated languageeng