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Legiunea Arhanghelul Mihail

LC control no.n 87825665
Descriptive conventionsrda
Corporate name headingLegiunea Arhanghelul Mihail
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Variant(s)Legion "Erzengel Michael"
Legión de San Miguel Arcángel
Legion of the "Archangel Michael"
Legiunea "Arhanghelul Mihail" pentru Apărarea Pământului Strămoșesc
Mihály Arkangyal Légió
Legion “Archangel Michael”
See alsoMișcarea Legionară
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Successor: Garda de Fier
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Beginning date1927
Ending date1930
Found inHeinen, A. Die Legion "Erzengel Michael" in Rumänien, 1986: t.p. (Legion "Erzengel Michael") p. 39 etc. (f. 6/24/27; known by several names: Legion "Erzengel Michael", Eiserne Garde, Alles für das Land, Legionäre Bewegung, Garda de Fier, etc.)
Mic dic. enc., 1978: p. 1300 (Legiunea Arhanghelul Mihail, f. in 1927, changed the name in 1930 to Garda de Fier, in 1935 was named Partidul Totul pentru Țară, and in 1940 became Mișcarea Legionară)
Dic. enc. romîn, 1964: v. 2, p. 506 (Garda de Fier, fascist organization f. in 1927 under the name Legiunea Arhanghelul Mihail, changing the name in 1930 to Garda de Fier)
Pământul strămoșesc, 1 Aug. 1927: t.p. (...Legiunii "Arhanghelul Mihail" pentru Apărarea Pământului Strămoșesc)
Charisma, politics and violence, 2004: t.p. (the Legion of the "Archangel Michael" in inter-war Romania)
Treptow, Kurt W. Historical dictionary of Romania, 1996: page 119 (Legiunea Arhangelului Mihail (Legion of the Archangel Michael); founded June 24, 1927; created, April 1930, Garda de Fier (Iron Guard) which was abolished December 9, 1933; created Totul pentru Țara (All for the Country Party) at the end of 1934, which was disbanded February 21, 1938)
Miskolczy, Ambrus. A Vasgárda (1927-1937), 2015: page 4 of cover (Mihály Arkangyal Légió)
The fascist faith of the Legion "Archangel Michael" in Romania, 1927-41, 2023: CIP galley (the Legion is more than a political organization (in the best sense of the word), for us Romanians, it is a Religion; doctrinaires of the Legion argued that the Christian faith, ethics, and spirit constituted the foundation of the Legion's ideology, and were the most important marks of the movement's uniqueness; in 1935, Alexandru Cantacuzino defined the Legion as a “totalitarian, Christian-Spiritualist ultranationalist” movement; Die Legion “Erzengel Michael”; The initial name of the movement was the Legion “Archangel Michael” for the Defense of the Ancestral Land (Legiunea “Arhangelul Mihail” pentru apărarea pământului strămoșesc) founded on June 24, 1927, in Iaşi; On April 13, 1930, Codreanu established the Iron Guard (Garda de fier), as a larger political unit, which would include the Legion “Archangel Michael.” Soon, the Legion and the Iron Guard became interchangeable labels for the same movement; On January 3, 1931, authorities dissolved the Legion “Archangel Michael”/Iron Guard; In April 1931, Codreanu formed the “Corneliu Zelea-Codreanu Grouping” (Gruparea Corneliu Zelea-Codreanu) which gained five parliamentary seats in the 1932 national elections; The grouping was banned by authorities on December 9/10, 1933)
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