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Payer, Julius, 1841-1915

LC control no.n 87901608
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingPayer, Julius, 1841-1915
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Variant(s)Payer, J., 1841-1915
Payer, Julius, Ritter von, 1841-1915
Peyer, Julius, 1841-1915
See alsoOfficer of: Österreichisch-Ungarische Polarexpedition (1872-1874)
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Associated placeGreenland
Alps Arctic regions Spitsbergen Island (Norway) Barents Sea Franz Josef Land (Russia) Northeast Passage
Kejser Franz Joseph Fjord (Greenland)
LocatedFrankfurt am Main (Germany) Munich (Germany) Paris (France) Vienna (Austria)
Birth date18420902
Death date19150829
Place of birthTeplice (Czech Republic)
Place of deathBled (Slovenia)
Field of activityDiscoveries in geography Mounteering Cartography Illustration of books Scientific illustration Painting History painting Landscape painting
AffiliationDeutsche Nordpolar-Expedition (2nd : 1869-1870) Österreichisch-Ungarische Polarexpedition (1872-1874)
Profession or occupationExplorers Mountaineers Cartographers Illustrators Scientific illustrators Painters Landscape painters
Found inKreuzer, Franz. Rot-Weiss-Rot in der Arktis, 1985: front flap of covers (Julius Payer) page 47 (facsimile of title page of Payer's Die Österreichisch-Ungarische Nordpol-Expedition in den Jahren 1872-1874 (1876): Julius Payer) page 46 (caption of portrait: Julius Ritter von Payer, 1842-1915)
LC in RLIN, 8/13/87 (hdg.: Payer, Julius, Ritter von, 1842-1915; usage: Julius Payer)
Obermüllner, Adolf. Die Oesterreichisch-Ungarische Nordpol-Expedition 1872-1874, [1875] (contains 12 mounted photographs of paintings by Obermüllner, signed in letterpress on mounts: J. Payer gez., A. Obermüllner pinx.)
Payer, Julius. New lands within the Arctic Circle, 1876, via HathiTrust, December 20, 2019: title page (by Julius Payer, one of the commanders of the expedition ; with maps and numerous illustrations from drawings by the author) v. 1, pages ix-x (in "Preliminary notice by the translator": "Julius Payer was born at Schönau in Teplitz, Bohemia, in 1841 ... Payer gained his first experience as an Arctic discoverer in the second German North Polar Expedition, under Koldeway [sic] and Hegemann--June 15, 1869-Sept. 11, 1870 ... He shared in the most important discoveries which were then made, specially those of König Wilhelm's Land, and of the noble Franz-Josef Fjord. He acquired in East Greenland the experience of sledging, which was of such eminent use in his explorations of the great discovery of the Tegetthoff Expedition--Kaiser Franz-Joseph Land ... In the voyage of the Isbjörn, June 21-Oct, 4, 1871, we find him associated with Weyprecht in the pioneering voyage described in the first volume of this work, and lastly as joint commander of the renowned Tegetthoff expedition, June, 1872-September, 1874")
Wikipedia, December 20, 2019 (Julius von Payer; Julius Johannes Ludovicus Ritter von Payer; born 2 September 1841 in Teplitz-Schönau, Bohemia, Austrian Empire; died 29 August 1915 in Veldes, Upper Carniola, Austria-Hungary; military officer, mountaineer, arctic explorer, cartographer, landscape artist and professor at the military academy; "In 1868 he was invited by the German geographer August Petermann to participate in the 2nd German North Polar Expedition as a topographer. Travelling to the coast of East Greenland on the Germania under Captain Carl Koldewey in 1869-1870, they reached as far north as Shannon Island. In 1871 he participated in the preliminary Austro-Hungarian expedition to Novaya Zemlya, with Karl Weyprecht. From 1872-1874 Payer led the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition with Karl Weyprecht, who was Commander at sea, while Payer was Commander at shore ... on 24 October 1876 he was elevated to the Austrian nobility which entitled him and his descendants to the style of Ritter von")
Knedlik, Manfred. "Payer, Julius von (Ritter)," in Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, v. 94, 2017, via Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon Online, December 20, 2019 (Payer, Julius von (Ritter); gender: male; occupation: portrait painter; painter; history painter; master draughtsman; officer; Alpinist and polar explorer; born 1842.09.02 in Schönau (Teplice); died 1915.08.30 in Veldes (Bled); began his career in the military; completed more than 60 mountain ascents in the Alps, at least 20 for the first time, which he documented scientifically and topographicaly in realistic drawings; took part in an Arctic expedition to East Greenland in 1868-1870; led land portion of the Austro-Hungarian North Polar Expedition in 1872-1874; left the military and moved to Frankfurt am Main in 1875, where he studied painting at the Städel-Institut, later transferring to the ABK in Munich; moved to Paris in 1882, where he established a studio, exhibiting frequently; returned to Vienna, 1890; memorialized his own Arctic experiences and those of the Franklin Expedition (1845-1851) in a series of monumental paintings)
Schefbeck, Günther. "Payer, Julius von," in Neue deutsche Biographie, v. 20 (2001), pages 147-148, accessed online January 7, 2020 (Payer, Julius [Julius is italicized] Johann Ludwig Ritter von; Austrian nobility, 1876; polar and Alpine explorer; born 2 September 1841 in Schönau near Teplitz (Bohemia), died 29 August 1915 in Veldes (Krain))
Mü̈ller, Martin. Julius von Payer, 1956: page 1 (many widely disseminated details from Payer's biography are erroneous; his name in military documents is given as Peyer, but he always used the spelling Payer, as recorded in church records from his native town, Schönau near Teplitz; until 1925, his birthdate was consistently given incorrectly, usually as 1 September 1842, but according to birth records of the parish office of St. Elizabeth in Teplitz-Schönau, Julius Payer was born on 2. September 1841 as the son of Franz Payer, captain of uhlans, and his wife Blandine, née John) page 182 (died 29 August 1915 in Veldes)
Berger, Frank. Julius Payer, 2015: title page ("Julius Payer ... Bergpionier--Polarfahrer--Historienmaler") page 7 (Julius Johannes Ludovicus Payer was born 1 September 1841 in Teplitz-Schönau (Teplice-Šanov); birth records of the parish office of St. Elizabeth, where he was baptized, give his birthdate as September 2, but by his own account, his birthday was on September 1)
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