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Crimean Khanate

LC control no.n 87904009
Descriptive conventionsrda
Geographic headingCrimean Khanate
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Geographic subdivision usageCrimean Khanate
Variant(s)Crimea (Khanate)
Khanate of Crimea
Chanat Krymski
Krymsʹke khanstvo
Krymskoe khanstvo
See alsoTavricheskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡ (Ukraine)
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Ending date1783
Found inSanin, G.A. Otnoshenii︠a︡ Rossii i Ukrainy s Krymskim khanstvom v seredine XVII veka, 1987.
LC PreMARC file (hdg.: Crimea (Khanate))
Webster's new geographic dictionary, 1986: p. 97 (article under Crimean oblast: earliest inhabitants were Cimmerians (8th cent. B.C.) who were expelled by Scythians in the 7th cent. B.C. By the 6th cent. B.C. Greek traders had settled on the southern coast, and by the 5th cent. B.C. this region became the Greek kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus. The Crimea was invaded by Goths, Huns, and Khazars who held Crimea as part of their kingdom from the 7th cent. A.D. to the 10th cent. Greek coastal towns were in the Byzantine Empire until ca. 1000; then after the Tatar invasion of the 13th cent. it belonged to the Khanate of the Golden Horde. By the 15th cent. this region had become the Khanate of Crimea; while the southeastern coastal strip was held by the Genoese. The Tatar Khanate was overthrown by the Ottoman Turks in 1475; in 1774 the Crimea was recognized as a Russian dependency, and was incorporated into Russia in 1783. The Crimean Republic was proclaimed in 1918; in 1921 it became an autonomous republic of the Russian S.F.S.R. After WWII the Crimean Republic was liquidated in 1945 and its status changed to that of an oblast. In 1954 the Crimea was reconstituted as a Ukrainian oblast)
Cambridge encyc. of Russia and the former Soviet Union, 1994: p. 77 (Crimean Khanate)
Ukr. rad. ent︠s︡.: v. 5, p. 519 (Krymsʹke khanstvo)
Krymsʹka oblastʹ, 1974: (Krymsʹke khanstvo)
Islamic peoples of the Soviet Union, 1986: p. 439 (formation of Crimean Khanate in 1438) p. 441 (Crimean Khanate comes under Russian rule)
Sov. ėnt︠s︡iklopedicheskiĭ slovarʹ, 1986: p. 662 (Krymskoe khanstvo; khanate in the Crimea that existed from 1443 to 1783; incorporated into Russia as a result of the Russo-Turkish War)
Encyc. of Ukraine: v. 1, p. 617 (Crimean Khanate: a Tatar state in the Crimean Peninsula, bordering on the southern steppe of Ukraine and on the Kuban region. From the beginning of the 13th century it was ruled by the Golden Horde; after the Horde's demise, and beginning with the mid-15th century, the khanate was an independent state ruled by the Girei dynasty. In 1478 it became a vassal state of Turkey, and from 1774 it was under the protection of Russia, which finally occupied it in 1783)
Podhorodecki, L. Chanat Krymski i jego stosunki z Polską ... 1987: t.p. (Chanat Krymski)
Not found inBolʹsh. sov. ėnt︠s︡ikl., 3rd ed.: v. 13, p. 509-511 (Krymskai︠a︡ oblastʹ in Ukraine SSR; land of ancient settlements including Greek and Roman colonists. By 13th cent. it had become part of the Golden Horde. In 1443 the Krymskoe khanstvo became a vassal state of the Turkish Empire. From the 15th throught the 18th cent. sovereignty of Crimea was fought over by Russia and Ukraine against the Turks. By the treaty of 1783 the Crimea became part of Russia. From 1787-1802 it was divided between the Tavricheskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡ and the Novorossiĭskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡ [no publs. in LC data base]); LC data base, 05-19-93 (hdg.: Tavricheskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡ (R.S.F.S.R.))