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Kapwepwe, S. M. (Simon Mwansa), 1922-1980

LC control no.n 88137401
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingKapwepwe, S. M. (Simon Mwansa), 1922-1980
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Variant(s)Kapwepwe, Simon Mwansa, 1922-1980
Associated countryZambia
Birth date1922-04-12
Death date1980-01-26
Place of birthNorthern Rhodesia
AffiliationAfrican National Congress
United Progressive Party (Zambia) Zambia. National Assembly
Profession or occupationPoliticians Legislators
Found inMwangilwa, G.B. The Kapwepwe diaries, 1986: t.p. (Kapwepwe) pref., etc. (Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe, d. 1980)
LC data base, 6-21-88 (hdg.: Kapwepwe, S.M., 1922- )
Dictionary of African Biography, accessed August 6, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Kapwepwe, Simon Mwansa; political figure; born 12 April 1922 in Zambia; one of the key nationalists in the British colony of Northern Rhodesia, and along with others such as Kenneth Kaunda he helped create independent Zambia on 24 October 1964; attended primary school in Lubwa and then became a teacher; helped Harry Nkumbula start the African National Congress (ANC) in 1948; secretary of the Kitwe branch and was a member of the ANC's national executive committee; from 1950 through 1954, studied journalism in India; was jailed for his political activism in 1959; while serving his sentence, some of his colleagues created the United National Independence Party (UNIP); after elections in October 1962, he became the minister of African agriculture, and in January 1964 he moved to minister of home affairs; from October 1964, he was foreign minister; the major foreign challenge for Zambia in the late 1960s was the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) by neighboring Rhodesia; in 1967 he was appointed vice president by Kaunda, and he held that position until 1970; in 1971 he created the opposition United Progressive Party (UPP); in the December 1971 elections he won the Mufulira West seat in the Zambian National Assembly; in February 1972 Kaunda banned UPP and imprisoned Kapwepwe until the end of the year; died 26 January 1980 in Zambia)