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King, Horatio, 1811-1897

LC control no.n 88654815
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingKing, Horatio, 1811-1897
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Birth date18110621
Death date18970520
Profession or occupationPostmaster General
Special noteDo not confuse with: King, Horatio C. (Horatio Collins), 1837-1918
Found innuc88-92993: His Letter from Hon. Horatio King [MI] 1870 (hdg. on GU rept.: King, Horatio, 1811-1897; usage: Horatio King)
NUCMC data from Univ. of Virginia Lib. for Bocock, T.S. Papers, 1760-1897 (King, Horatio, 1811-1897; correspondent)
English Wikpedia website, viewed Mar. 9, 2015; original source: Appleton's Cyclopaedia of Amer. Biog., 1891 (Horatio King (June 21, 1811--May 20, 1897) was Postmaster General of the United States under James Buchanan. Born in Paris, Me., he received a common school education, and at the age of 18 entered the office of the Paris Jeffersonian, where he learned printing, afterward becoming owner and editor of the paper. In 1833 he moved it to Portland, where he published it until 1838. In 1839 he went to Washington, D.C., having been appointed clerk in the post office department, and was gradually promoted. In 1854 he was appointed first Assistant Postmaster General, and in Jan., 1861, while acting as Postmaster General, he was questioned by a member of Congress from South Carolina with regard to the franking privilege. In his reply, King was the first officially to deny the power of a state to separate from the Union. He was then appointed Postmaster General, serving from Feb. 12 until Mar. 7, 1861. On retiring from office, he remained in Washington, D.C. during the Civil War, serving on a board of commissioners to carry into execution the emancipation law in the District of Columbia. His efforts led to a considerable number of former slaves settling in the District. After his retirement from office, King practiced in Washington as an attorney before the executive department and international commissions. He was active in procuring the passage of three acts in 1874, 1879, and 1885 respectively, requiring the use of the official "penalty envelope," which has secured a large saving to the government. He also took an active part in the work of completing the Washington Monument, serving as secretary of the Monument Society from 1881. King was a frequent contributor to the press, and published An Oration before the Union Literary Society of Washington (Washington, D.C., 1841), and Sketches of Travel; or, Twelve Months in Europe (1878). Prior to his death, King had been the last surviving member of the Buchanan Cabinet. King was buried in Washington's [D.C.] Congressional Cemetery)