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Xankändi (Azerbaijan)

LC control no.n 89151511
Descriptive conventionsrda
Geographic headingXankändi (Azerbaijan)
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Geographic subdivision usageAzerbaijan--Xankändi
Variant(s)Khankendi (Azerbaijan)
Stepanakert (Azerbaijan S.S.R.)
Stepanakert (Azerbaijan)
Горад Сцепанакерт (Azerbaijan)
Horad Stsepanakert (Azerbaijan)
Сцепанакерт (Azerbaijan)
Stsepanakert (Azerbaijan)
Ханкэнды (Azerbaijan)
Khankėndy (Azerbaijan)
Степанакерт (Azerbaijan)
Ханкенди (Azerbaijan)
Xonkendi (Azerbaijan)
Hankendi (Azerbaijan)
Ханкенді (Azerbaijan)
Associated countryAzerbaijan
LocatedNagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan)
Special noteNon-Latin script references not evaluated.
Found inSoviet Union. Glavnoe upravlenie geodezii i kartografii. Ordubad-Shusha-Ordubad, marshrut vykhodnogo dni︠a︡ ... 1986: map verso (Stepanakert)
BGN U.S.S.R. gaz.. 2nd ed. (Stepanakert, POPL, 39°50ʹN 46°46ʹE, Azer. SSR)
Atlas SSSR, 1983 (Stepanakert, AzSSR)
Pain mechanisms and management, c1995: pref. (Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabagh Republic)
Phone call to BGN, June 7, 1999 (U.S. Dept. of State has not recognized Nagorno-Karabagh 'de jure' as an independent political entity; Stepanakert is Armenian name for Xankändi, Azerbaijan)
National Geographic atlas of the world, rev. 6th ed. (Xankändi, Azerbaijan)
Wikipedia, September 24, 2015 (Stepanakert (Armenian: Step'anakert [in roman]) or Khankendi (Azerbaijani: Xankändi [in roman]), originally called Vararakn, is the capital and the largest city of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, a de facto independent republic; According to medieval Armenian sources, the settlement was first mentioned as Vararakn, a name that remained in use until 1847, when it was renamed Khankendi. Azerbaijani sources generally say that the settlement was founded in the late eighteenth century by a Karabakh khan, and was thus called Khankendi (Turkic for "the khan's village"). In 1923 Khankendi was renamed Stepanakert by the Soviet government to honor Stepan Shahumyan, ethnic Armenian leader of the 26 Baku Commissars, and, after the Shusha pogrom had resulted in major destruction at Shusha, the former regional capital, Stepanakert was made the capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO). In time, Stepanakert grew to become the region's most important city (a status it received in 1940). After Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Stepanakert was renamed by the Azerbaijani government back to Khankendi as part of a campaign against communism and Azerification. Fighting broke out over control of Nagorno-Karabakh which eventually resulted in Armenian control of the region and a connecting corridor to Armenia to the west; 39°48ʹ55ʺN 46°45ʹ7ʺE)
Wikipedia, September 24, 2015: Belarusian page (Горад Сцепанакерт = Horad Stsepanakert; Сцепанакерт / Ханкэнды = Stsepanakert / Khankėndy) Bulgarian page (Степанакерт = Stepanakert; Ханкенди = Khankendi) Armenian page (Stepʻanakert) Uzbek page (Xonkendi [in roman]) Russian page (Степанакерт = Stepanakert; Ханкенди = Khankendi) Turkish page (Hankendi) Ukrainian page (Ханкенді = Khankendi)
Britannica online, September 24, 2015 (Xankändi, formerly Stepanakert, city, southwestern Azerbaijan. Situated at the foot of the eastern slopes of the Karabakh Range, the city was founded after the October Revolution (1917) on the site of the village of Khankendy and was renamed Stepanakert in 1923 for Stepan Shaumyan, a Baku communist leader. After Azerbaijan gained independence, the name was changed to Xankändi, though Armenians continue to call the city Stepanakert. It is the capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, a self-declared state whose independence is not internationally recognized)
Geographic area codea-aj---