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Melaka (Sultanate)

LC control no.n 90625432
Descriptive conventionsrda
Geographic headingMelaka (Sultanate)
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Variant(s)Malacca (Sultanate)
Malacca (Kingdom)
See alsoMalacca (State)
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Beginning date1400
Ending date1511
Special noteSUBJECT USAGE: This name is not valid for use as a subject. Works about this place are entered under: Malacca (Malaysia : State)
Found inKesultanan Melayu Melaka, 1989: t.p. (Kesultanan Melayu Melaka)
Information Malaysia, 1975/76: p. 496 (Malacca Sultanate; f. 15th cent.)
Wikipedia, Jan. 28, 2015 (Malacca (Malay: Melaka), dubbed "The Historic State", is the third smallest Malaysian state after Perlis and Penang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Straits of Malacca. Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates, the local monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511. The head of state is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor, rather than a Sultan. Malacca was ceded to the British in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Bencoolen on Sumatra with Dutch. From 1826 to 1946 Malacca was under the rule of the British, first by the British East India Company and then as a Crown Colony. It formed part of the Straits Settlements, together with Singapore and Penang. After the dissolution of this crown colony, Malacca and Penang became part of the Malayan Union in 1946, which later became the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and eventually Malaysia in 1963.) Article under Malacca Sultanate (the Malacca Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Melayu Melaka; was a Malay sultanate centered in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia. Conventional historical thesis marks circa 1400 as the founding year of the sultanate by a renegade Malay Raja of Singapura, Parameswara who was also known as Iskandar Shah. At the height of the sultanate's power in the 15th century, its capital grew into one of the most important entrepots of its time, with territory covering much of the Malay Peninsula, Riau Islands and a significant portion of the east coast of Sumatra)
Statesman's Yearbook Online, Feb. 23, 2015 under article for Malaysia>Key historical events (In the mid-15th century Melaka emerged as the key trading port in the region, it was host to indigenous Malays, Sumatrans, Javans, Gujaratis, Arabs, Persians, Filipinos and Chinese and grew rapidly in prosperity. A pattern of government was established in Melaka that became the basis of Malay identity and it was emulated by subsequent Malay kingdoms. Gujarati sailors introduced Islam to the region through Melaka in the 15th century. In 1511 the port was captured by the Portuguese navigator Alfonso de Albuquerque who sought to dominate the route by which precious spices were shipped to Europe)
Geographic area codea-my---