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Abacha, Sani

LC control no.n 97013294
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingAbacha, Sani
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Variant(s)Abacha, Sanni
See alsoNigeria. President (1993-1998 : Abacha)
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Associated countryNigeria
Birth date19430920
Death date19980608
Place of birthKano State (Nigeria)
Place of deathNigeria
AffiliationNigerian Military Training College (Kaduna, Nigeria) Mons Defense Officers' Cadet Training College (Aldershot, United Kingdom) Nigeria. Nigerian Army
Profession or occupationSoldiers Heads of state
Found inThe way forward, 1994: p. 1 (General Sani Abacha, GCON, DSS, MNI, Head of State, Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria)
A bibliography on General Sanni Abacha, 1996: t.p. (Sanni Abacha)
Dictionary of African Biography, accessed November 26, 2014, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Abacha, Sani; Nigerian military officer and military head of state; born 20 September 1943 in the northern state of Kano, Nigeria; enrolled at the Nigerian Military Training College in Kaduna (1962); attended the Mons Defense Officers' Cadet Training College in Aldershot, United Kingdom, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Nigerian army (1963); his continued military education and carreer supported his promotion to brigadier in 1980; on 31 December 1983 became a known political figure when he announced the military coup that overthrew the democratic government of President Shehu Shagari; he played major roles on the subsequent military coups and governments; on 17 November 1993 Abacha became the head of state because he was the most senior military officer at the time; his five- year rule was marred by gross violations of human rights, stifling of dissident voices, and massive corruption; died on 8 June 1998 of what military authorities claimed to be a heart attack, unofficial sources contended that he died from poison; in 2004 Transparency International named Abacha as the fourth most corrupt leader in recent history)