The Library of Congress > LCCN Permalink

View this record in:  MARCXML | LC Authorities & Vocabularies | VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)External Link

Aufricht, Ernst Josef

LC control no.n 97871905
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingAufricht, Ernst Josef
    Browse this term in  LC Authorities  or the  LC Catalog
Variant(s)Aufrict, Ernst Josef
LocatedGleiwitz (Germany)
Dresden (Germany)
Berlin (Germany)
Paris (France)
Normandy (France)
Paris (France)
New York (N.Y.)
Berlin (Germany)
Birth date1898-08-31
Death date1971-07-24
Place of birthBeuthen (Germany)
Place of deathCannes (France)
Field of activityTheater--Germany Experimental theater
AffiliationTheater am Schiffbauerdamm (Berlin, Germany)
Profession or occupationActors Theatrical producers and directors Authors
Special noteData contributed by the Dance Heritage Coalition for the New York Public Library Dance Collection.
Found inNYPL Dict. Cat. of the Dance Coll., 1974-
And the shark, he has teeth, 2018: ECIP t.p. (Ernst Josef Aufricht) data view (b. 1898; d. July 24, 1971, Cannes, France; German-Jewish theater producer)
Wikipedia, viewed January 9, 2019 Ernst Josef Aufricht (born 31. August 1898 in Beuthen, Oberschlesien, Germany, now Bytom, Poland; died 24. July 1971 in Cannes, Département Alpes-Maritimes) was a German theatrical producer. He served in the field artillery in Posen during the first World War in 1915. He began his career in the theater in 1919 when he left Gleiwitz where his family resided (now Gliwice, Poland) to become an actor in Dresden. From 1923 to 1933 he lived in Berlin where he founded Die Truppe, the actors' ensemble, together with Berthold Viertel in1923. He was an actor and also assistant manager. In 1927 he signed a lease for Theater am Schiffbauerdamm where Dreigroschenoper (The Three penny opera) by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill premiered on August 31, 1928. In March 1933, the Nazis targeted him so he escaped to Switzerland, then Paris, then a farm in Normandy. In1937 he returned to Paris and staged the Three penny opera in French. When the Nazis came to France, he fled to New York in 1941. His career on Broadway was unsuccessful, but he made some radio plays including a series called Die Schulzes in Yorkville. With a crisis in faith, he converted from Judaism to Catholicism. In 1953 he and his wife returned to Berlin where he remained involved in theater to a more limited extent.)
Aufricht, Ernst Josef. And the shark, he has teeth, 2018: tite page (Ernst Josef Aufrict) introduction (Aufricht's experimental theater, Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, was known for its unconventional, controversial, contemporary and challenging plays. In March 1933, he was physically threatened and blackmailed by the Nazis, so he and his wife and two sons fled to Switzerland, then Paris. Having lost his home, language, and culture, he was unable to start again in Paris, so he bought and managed an experimental farm near Calvados, Normandy to train German emigrés in farm skills. That plan failed after two years, and he returned to Paris in 1937 to try his hand at producing the Three penny opera in French. It ran for fifty performances during the Paris International Exhibition. He also produced an anti-Nazi play in 1939. With the arrival of the Vichy regime in occupied France of summer 1940, Aufricht went into hiding and was finally able to escape to New York with the help of Varian Fry in 1941. As he was not at home in English, he could not entirely restart his career, but he made some radio plays aimed at German-Americans. Back in Germany in 1953, as a holdover from the Weimar Republic, he could not renew his former activity but he still remained somewhat involved in the theater. Aufricht retreated into early retirement although he was an invited guest when the Three penny opera was briefly restaged in 1960 in East Berlin. In 1966 he wrote his memoir, Erzähle, damit du dein Recht erweist. It was published by his son in 1998 in Berlin as Und der Haifisch, der hat Zähne: Aufzeichnungen eines Theaterdirektors (And the shark, he has teeth). The title was taken from the opening line of the lead ballad from the Three penny opera, known in English as Mack the Knife. His memoir is a standard source for the history of theater during the Weimar Republic. In July 1971 Aufricht passed away at the age of 73 in Cannes surrounded by his children and grandchildren.)
Associated languageger