The Library of Congress > LCCN Permalink

View this record in:  MARCXML | LC Authorities & Vocabularies | VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)External Link

Theodor, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763

LC control no.no2013140393
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingTheodor, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
    Browse this term in  LC Authorities  or the  LC Catalog
Variant(s)Johann Theodor, von Bayern, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Ioannes Theodorus, Bishop of Freising, 1703-1763
Johann Theodor, Bishop of Regensburg, 1703-1763
Johannes Theodor, Bishop of Freising, 1703-1763
Johannes Theodorus, Bishop of Regensburg, 1703-1763
John Theodore, of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Theodor, Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Lüttich, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Theodor, von Bayern, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Theodor, von Freising, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Theodor, von Lüttich, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Theodor von Regensburg, Prince-Bishop of Liège, Cardinal, 1703-1763
Associated countryBelgium
Associated placeRegensburg (Germany) Freising (Germany)
LocatedLiège (Belgium)
Birth date17030903
Death date17630127
Place of birthMunich (Germany)
Place of deathLiège (Belgium)
Field of activityCatholic Church
Profession or occupationCardinals Bishops Nobility
Found inRottmanner, Max. Der Cardinal von Baiern, 1877: pages 20-21 (Theodor; bishop and cardinal; born Sept. 3, 1703 in Munich; early years spent in Munich; 1711 sent with his older brothers to Graz; in his 16th year he was appointed bishop of Regensburg, Jul. 29, 1719, receiving confirmation of his episcopacy in 1721; 1723 elected bishop coadjutor by the cathedral chapter of Freising; ordained to the diaconate Mar. 25, 1730, to the priesthood Apr. 8th, and consecrated bishop Oct. 1, 1730; not having shown any inclination to matters spiritual, Theodor did not deem it necessary to renounce the tendencies which had previously motivated him; comely of countenance and lively of temperament, he was magnamimous and affable, given more to the pleasures of the body than might be seemly for a prelate, certainly he preferred residence in Munich rather than the seats of his 2 dioceses) page 46 (died in Lüttich [Liège, Belgium] of a fever, Jan. 27, 1763, not yet 60 years old)
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek online, Nov. 30, 2013 (access point: Johann Theodor <Freising, Bischof> ; other access points: Johann Theodor <Bischof von Freising>; Johann Theodor <Bayern, Herzog>; Johannes Theodor <Freising, Bischof>; Ioannes Theodorus <Episcopus Frisingensis>; Johann Theodor <Regensburg, Bischof>; Johannes Theodorus <Episcopus Ratisbonensis>; bishop of Freising, 1727-1763)
German Wikipedia, Nov. 30, 2013: "Johann Theodor von Bayern" (Johann Theodor von Bayern; born Sept. 3, 1703 in Munich; died Jan. 27, 1763 in Lüttich; cardinal, and bishop of Regensburg from 1719 and of Freising from 1727, and prince-bishop of Lüttich from 1744; last Wittelsbach prince-bishop, as there were insufficent children in subsequent generations to take over the ecclesiatical positions; parents: Maximilian II. Emanuel and Therese Kunigunde of Poland; originally intended to be part of the secular nobility, the death of his older brother Philipp Moritz Mar. 12, 1719 changed the situation, and his brother Clemens August I took over the ecclesiastical offices in the north-west of the Holy Roman Empire, while Johann Theodor succeeded to the bischoprics of Regensburg and Freising; Sept. 9, 1743 made cardinal in pectore by pope Benedict XIV and given the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina; from 1744 also bishop of Lüttich; denied appointment as archbishop of Cologne by pope Clement XIII Mar. 11, 1761 on account of Johann Theodor's scandalous life-style)
Wikipedia, Nov. 30, 2013: "John Theodore of Bavaria" (John Theodore of Bavaria; Sept. 3, 1703 - Jan. 27, 1763; a son of elector Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria and Teresta Kunegunda Sobieska, and a grandson of King John III Sobieski of Poland; educated at the universities of Ingolstadt and Siena; elected bishop of Regensburg Jul. 29, 1721 at age 17, and of Freising, Nov. 23, 1723, though not ordained and consecrated until 1730; created cardinal-priest of San Lorenzo in Panisperna, Sept. 7, 1743 by pope Benedict XIV; he was the last Wittelsbach to occupy the bishopric of Liège; pope Clement XIII rejected John Theodore's succession of his brother Clemens August as archbishop and prince-elector of Cologne because of doubt concerning his moral conduct; known as a great hunter, patron of music and theatre, and holding a splendid court at Liège, he was said to have had affairs with several women despite his clerical status, though was well liked by the inhabitants of the bishopric; died Jan. 27, 1763 in Liège, Belgium and buried in Saint-Lambert Cathedral while his heart was buried in Grace Chapel, Altötting)
ADB/NDB online, Nov. 30, 2013 (Theodor; other access points: Theodor von Regensburg; Theodor von Freising; Theodor von Lüttich; Johann Theodor; Johann Theodor von Bayern; dates: 1703-1763; bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Lüttich, Cardinal; confession: Catholic)