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Enki (Sumerian deity)

LC control no.no2019087958
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingEnki (Sumerian deity)
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Variant(s)Ea (Sumerian deity)
Enkig (Sumerian deity)
Nudimmud (Sumerian deity)
Ninsiku (Sumerian deity)
Niššiku (Sumerian deity)
See alsoEa (Akkadian deity)
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Associated countrySumer
Associated placeEridu (Extinct city)
Found inMyths of Enki, the crafty god, 1989.
Espak, Peeter. The god Enki in Sumerian royal ideology and mythology, 2015.
Enki and Ninhursag : a Sumerian "Paradise" myth, 1945.
Nugent, Tony Ormond. Star-god : Enki/Ea and the biblical god as expressions of a common ancient Near Eastern astral-theological symbol system, 1993.
Ancient history encyclopedia, via WWW, June 13, 2019 (Enki (also known as Ea, Enkig, Nudimmud, Ninsiku) was the Sumerian god of wisdom, fresh water, intelligence, trickery and mischief, crafts, magic, exorcism, healing, creation, virility, fertility, and art; Originally, Enki (then known as Enkig) was a Sumerian deity of fresh water and patron of the city of Eridu, considered by the Mesopotamians the first city established at the beginning of the world. The god first appears in the Early Dynastic Period IIIa (c. 2600-2350 BCE) and was established as an important god of the Akkadians by c. 2400 BCE who knew him as Ea. Excavations at Eridu, however, have uncovered evidence of a tradition of shrines to Enki dating back to the founding of the city c. 5400 BCE. At Eridu he was known as Enki and later, at Akkad, as Ea; the two names are used interchangably for the same deity as is the Babylonian name Nudimmud. Enki was known as Ninsiku only in his aspect as patron of crafts and art, especially objects devoted to divine subjects)
Ancient Mesopotamian gods and goddesses website, June 13, 2019 (Enki/Ea (god). Mischievous god of wisdom, magic and incantations who resides in the ocean under the earth; The god Ea (whose Sumerian equivalent was Enki) is one of the three most powerful gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon, along with Anu and Enlil. He resides in the ocean underneath the earth called the abzu (Akkadian apsû), which was an important place in Mesopotamian cosmic geography; Enki was the son of the god An, or of the goddess Nammu and a twin brother of Adad. It is unclear when he was merged with the god Ea, whose name first appears in the 24th century BCE. His wife was Damgalnunna/Damkina and their offspring were the gods Marduk, Asarluhi and Enbilulu, the goddess Nanše and the sage Adapa; Enki is associated with the city of Eridu on the southern Mesopotamia; In literary texts, Enki/Ea was sometimes known by the alternative names Nudimmud or Niššiku, the latter originally being a Semitic epithet that was then reinterpreted as a pseudo-logogram; Normalized forms: Enki, Enkig, Nudimmud, Niššiku, Ea)
Encyclopædia Britannica online, June 13, 2019 (Ea (Akkadian), Sumerian Enki, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Enlil. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally "lord of the earth"). In the Sumerian myth "Enki and the World Order," Enki is said to have fixed national boundaries and assigned gods their roles. According to another Sumerian myth Enki is the creator, having devised men as slaves to the gods. In his original form, as Enki, he was associated with semen and amniotic fluid, and therefore with fertility. He was commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature, from which the modern astrological figure for Capricorn is derived. Ea, the Akkadian counterpart of Enki, was the god of ritual purification: ritual cleansing waters were called "Ea's water." Ea governed the arts of sorcery and incantation. In some stories he was also the form-giving god, and thus the patron of craftsmen and artists; he was known as the bearer of culture. In his role as adviser to the king, Ea was a wise god although not a forceful one. In Akkadian myth, as Ea's character evolves, he appears frequently as a clever mediator who could be devious and cunning. He is also significant in Akkadian mythology as the father of Marduk, the national god of Babylonia)
University of Alabama Ancient art website, June 13, 2019 (Enki, or Ea (Akkadian), is the Mesopotamia god of fresh waters known as apsu. He is the god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and crafts)
Wikipedia, June 13, 2019 (Enki is the Sumerian god of water, knowledge, mischief, crafts, and creation (nudimmud), and one of the Anunnaki. He was later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology. He was originally patron god of the city of Eridu, but later the influence of his cult spread throughout Mesopotamia and to the Canaanites, Hittites and Hurrians)
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