|LC control no.||no2020142994
|Personal name heading||Nemesis (Greek deity)
|Variant(s)||Νεμεσις (Greek deity)
Rhamnousia (Greek deity)
Rhamnusia (Greek deity)
Ραμνουσία (Greek deity)
|See also||Nemesis (Roman deity)
|Other standard no.||Q185747
|Special note||Non-Latin script references not evaluated.
|Found in||Hornum, Michael B. Nemesis, the Roman state, and the games, 1993.
Wikipedia, December 8, 2020 (In ancient Greek religion, Nemesis, also called Rhamnousia or Rhamnusia (Ancient Greek: Ραμνουσία = Rhamnousia) ("the goddess of Rhamnous"), is the goddess who enacts retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods); under section Rome: Nemesis was one of several tutelary deities of the drill-ground (as Nemesis campestris). Modern scholarship offers little support for the once-prevalent notion that arena personnel such as gladiators, venatores and bestiarii were personally or professionally dedicated to her cult. Rather, she seems to have represented a kind of "Imperial Fortuna" who dispensed Imperial retribution on the one hand, and Imperially subsidized gifts on the other; both were functions of the popular gladiatorial Ludi held in Roman arenas. She is shown on a few examples of Imperial coinage as Nemesis-Pax, mainly under Claudius and Hadrian. In the third century AD, there is evidence of the belief in an all-powerful Nemesis-Fortuna. She was worshipped by a society called Hadrian's freedmen)
Profile of Nemesis, via Learn religions website, December 8, 2020 (Nemesis is a Greek goddess of revenge and retribution. In particular, she is invoked against those whose hubris and arrogance got the better of them, and serves as a force of divine reckoning. Originally, she was a deity who simply doled out what people had coming to them, whether good or bad; Although she was Greek, Nemesis was sometimes invoked by the Romans, who called her Invidia, and saw her as a goddess of jealousy; During the Imperial period of Rome, Nemesis was adopted as a patroness of victorious generals, and of gladiators entering the arena. At one point, there was a cult of Nemesis-Fortuna, which honored Nemesis as the deliberate balance to the random chance of Fortuna's selections. She also appears in both Greek and later Roman mythology as an avenging force protecting those who have been violently wronged by their lovers)
Theoi Project website, December 8, 2020 (Nemesis; Greek name: Νεμεσις = Nemesis; Roman name: Nemesis, Rivalitas; the goddess of indignation against, and retribution for, evil deeds and undeserved good fortune; the Romans usually used the Greek name of the goddess but sometimes also named her Invidia (Jealousy) and Rivalitas (Jealous Rivalry))
GreekMythology.com, December 8, 2020 (Nemesis was the goddess of divine retribution and revenge, who would show her wrath to any human being that would commit hubris, i.e. arrogance before the gods. She was considered a remorseless goddess)
|Invalid LCCN||sh 96002891