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Saint-Lambert, Jean-François de, 1716-1803

LC control 91005600
Descriptive conventionsrda
Personal name headingSaint-Lambert, Jean-François de, 1716-1803
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Variant(s)Saint-Lambert, Jean-François, marquis de, 1716-1803
De Saint-Lambert, Jean-François, 1716-1803
Lambert, Jean-François de Saint-, 1716-1803
Saint-Lambert, Charles-François de, 1716-1803
Saint-Lambert, M. de (Jean-François), 1716-1803
Saint Lambart, M. de (Jean-François), 1716-1803
M. ***, 1716-1803
St.-Lambert, Monsieur, 1716-1803
St. Lambert, Mr. de, 1716-1803
S. Lambert, M. de, 1716-1803
Other standard no.71423453
LocatedLunéville (France) Eaubonne (France)
Birth date1716-12-26
Death date1803-02-09
Place of birthNancy (France)
Place of deathParis (France)
Field of activityMilitary art and science French literature--18th century Materialism Encyclopedias and dictionaries
AffiliationFrance. Armée Académie de Stanislas (Nancy, France) Académie française Ordre de Saint-Louis Société des amis des noirs
Lorraine (Duchy). Sovereign (1737-1766 : Stanisław) France. Armée. Gardes suisses
Profession or occupationArmed Forces--Officers Authors, French--18th century Encyclopedists Paramours
Found inHis Essai sur le luxe, 1765 (name not given)
His The story of Sarah Phillips, 1809: t.p. (M. de Saint Lambart)
Barbier (Jean-François de Saint-Lambert)
Grand dict. univ. (Saint-Lambert, Jean-François, marquis de; b. 12/26/1716; d. 2/9/1803)
Michaud (Saint-Lambert, Charles-François, marquis de; b. 1717; d. 2/9/1803)
Bib. nat. (hdg.: Saint-Lambert, Jean-François, Mis. de; usage: M. de Saint Lambert; see ref. from: Saint-Lambert, Charles-François, Mis de)
Helvétius. Le bonheur, 1772: p. i (caption title: "Préface, ou Essai sur la vie & les ouvrages de M. Helvetius, par M. ***")
Saint-Lambert, Jean-François de. Œuvres philosophiques de Saint-Lambert, 1797-1801, via Gallica, Nov. 10, 2015: title pages (Saint-Lambert) v. 5, page 209 (section title: Essai sur la vie d'Helvétius) page 210 ("Cette Vie d'Helvétius a été imprimée pour la premiere fois à la tête d'un poëme du Bonheur) page 211 (caption title: Essai sur la vie et les ouvrages d'Helvétius)
Saint-Lambert, Jean-François de. Œuvres de Saint-Lambert, 1813, via Google Books, Nov. 17, 2015: v. 1, p. ii (Charles-François de Saint-Lambert, born Nancy, 1717)
Bibliothèque nationale de France. BnF autorités, Nov. 10, 2015 (Saint-Lambert, Jean-François de (1716-1803), born 1716-12-26, Nancy, died 1803-02-09, Paris; member of the Académie française (1770); collaborated on various articles of the Encyclopédie)
Nouvelle biographie générale, v. 43, 1856: colums 53-56 (Saint-Lambert (Jean-François de), French poet, born Nancy, Dec. 26, 1716, died 11 days after Jan. 28, 1803)
Académie française Web site, Nov. 10, 2015 (Jean-François de SAINT-LAMBERT, elected in 1770 to Chair 10; philosophe, poet; born Nancy, Dec. 16, 1716; as an officer, he was attached to the court of King Stanislas (Stanisław I Leszczyński, former king of Poland and duke of Lorraine from 1737) and was part of the Académie de Nancy (the Académie de Stanislas, Nancy); as a poet, he is known for Les saisons; as an encyclopedist and materialist philosopher, he was the friend of all the "philosophes" and frequented all the salons; admitted to the Académie française, April 26, 1770; at the outbreak of the Revolution, he retired to Eaux-Bonnes [that is, Eaubonne] to live with his lover, Mme d'Houdetot; participated in 1800 in one of the preparatory sessions for the reconstitution of the Académie, having been a nonresident member of the Institut (Institut national des sciences et des arts) since 1796; at the time of the reorganization of 1803, he re-assumed his chair in the second class; died 11 days later, Feb. 9, 1803)
Wikipedia, Nov. 10, 2015 (Jean François de Saint-Lambert (26 December 1716-9 February 1803); French poet, philosopher and military officer; born at Nancy; in 1739, joined the Lorraine Guards; fought in the Italian campaigns of the War of the Austrian Succession; in Lunéville from the winter of 1745-1746, he became the lover successively of the Marquise de Boufflers, mistress of the duke of Lorraine, and Émilie du Châtelet, Voltaire's mistress; the latter became pregnant by him and died shortly after giving birth; moved to Paris around 1750, at which time he "gave himself the title Marquis de Saint-Lambert, to which he had no right"; in 1752, became the lover of Sophie d'Houdetot, and they remained a couple until his death; resigned from the army in 1758 and devoted the rest of his life to literature)
French Wikipedia, Nov. 10, 2015 (article title: Jean-François de Saint-Lambert; Jean-François, marquis de Saint-Lambert, born Nancy, 26 December 1716, died Paris, 9 February 1803; a Lothringian (after 1766, French) military officer, philosopher and author of tales and poems; served in the Gardes lorraines of (former) King Stanislas Leszczyński, before becoming his grand master of the wardrobe; after the death of Émilie du Châtelet, he went to Paris and took service in the French army, obtaining the rank of colonel in the Army of the King of France; in 1758, he retired to devote himself to literature, taking the title of marquis and joining the circle of the Encyclopedists; during the Revolution, he withdrew to Eaubonne, to be near Sophie d'Houdetot)
Poirier, Roger. Jean-François de Saint-Lambert (1786-1803), 2001: erratum slip mounted inside front cover (title page title should read: Jean-François de Saint-Lambert (1716-1803)) page 13 (Jean-François de Saint-Lambert, born Dec. 16, 1716, Nancy) pages 75-77 (served in the French army regiment of the Gardes-Lorraines, 1740-1753; briefly a member of King Stanislas' Gardes du corps; rejoined the service of the French king in 1756 and fought in several battles; made chevalier de Saint-Louis, Dec. 17, 1756) pages 84-85 (his military career ended with the death of Stanislas in 1766, but in 1775 he was appointed governor of the château of Joinville by Philippe, duc d'Orléans; in the document of his appointment he is called "Sieur Jean-François de Saint Lambert mestre de camp de cavalerie, chevalier de l'ordre royal et militaire de Saint Louis et l'un des quarante de l'Académie française"; his last title "maître de camp de cavalerie" is equivalant to colonel) page 92-93 (upon moving to Paris in 1750, he immediately assumed the title of marquis, to which he had no right, probably on the advice of friends such as King Stanislas, who understood the importance even a usurped title could have for an unknown provincial) pages 229-236 (friendship with Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and St. John de Crèvecoeur) page 261 (member of the Société des amis des noirs) page 307 (died Feb. 9, 1803, in the Houdetots' townhouse, 83 rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré [Paris])
OCLC, Nov.17, 2015 (usage includes: Monsieur St. Lambert; M. de Saint-Lambert, ci-devant grand-maître de la garde-robe du feu roi de Pologne, mestre de camp de cavalerie; Mr. de St. Lambert, auteur des Saisons, &c.; Mr. de St. Lambert; M. de S. Lambert; M. de Saint-Lambert; Saint-Lambert; de Saint-Lambert)
Associated languagefre