|LC control no.||sh2002000268
|Topical heading||Introduced organisms
Foreign organisms (Introduced organisms)
Foreign species (Introduced organisms)
Invasive alien species
|Found in||Work cat.: Wonham, M.J. Ecology and management of marine biological invasions, 2001: leaf 1 ("... the terms introduced species, non-native, and invader are used interchangeably throughout.") leaf 8 (introduced marine and maritime species) leaf 10 (non-native marine and maritime species)
Alien species in Hawaii information index, via WWW, Apr. 14, 2004.
Guiberson, B.Z. Exotic species, c1999.
Nonindigenous freshwater organisms, c2000.
Nonindigenous aquatic species in a United States estuary, 1995.
Google search, dec. 5, 2006 (naturalized organisms; naturalised organisms)
National policy for the translocation of live aquatic organisms, 1999: p. 7 (translocated species; translocated organisms)
Review of the efficiency and efficacy of existing legal instruments applicable to invasive alien species, 2001: p. 31 (Alien species (synonyms: non-native, non-indigenous, foreign, exotic): a species, subspecies, or lower taxon introduced outside its normal past or present distribution; Invasive alien species: an alien species whose establishment and spread threaten ecosystems, habitats or species with economic or environmental harm); Naturalized species: alien species that reproduce consistently and sustain populations over more than one life cycle without direct intervention by humans (or in spite of human intervention))
Wikipedia, Mar. 2, 2010: Introduced species (An introduced, alien, exotic, non-indigenous, or non-native species, or simply an introduction, is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.) Invasive species (The first definition expresses the phrase in terms of non-indigenous species (e.g. plants or animals) that adversely affect the habitats they invade economically, environmentally or ecologically. The second definition broadens the boundaries to include both native and non-native species that heavily colonize a particular habitat. The third definition is an expansion of the first and defines an invasive species as a widespread non-indigenous species. This last definition is arguably too broad as not all non-indigenous species necessarily have an adverse effect on their adopted environment)
Isard, S.A. Flow of life in the atmosphere : an airscape approach to understanding invasive organisms, c2001.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Resources. Exclusion of nonnative species from Migratory Bird Treat Act ... 2004.