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Industrial clusters

LC control no.sh2005004895
Topical headingIndustrial clusters
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Variant(s)Agglomerations, Industrial
Cluster industries
Clusters, Industrial
Firm clusters
Industrial agglomerations
Industry clusters
See alsoBusiness networks
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Found inWork cat.: 2002354630: Cluster e a cadeia produtiva de calc╠žaldos de Franca, c2000 (cluster)
Porter, M.E. "Location, clusters, and company strategy," in The Oxford handbook of economic geography, 2000: p. 254 ("a cluster is a geographically proximate group of inter-connected companies and associated institutions in a particular field, linked by commonalities and complementarities.")
Porter, M.E. Competitive advantage of nations, 1990 ("an industrial cluster is a set of industries related through buyer-supplier and supplier-buyer relationships, or by common technologies, common buyers or distribution channels, or common labor pools.")
Kacung Marijan. Decentralisation and cluster industry policy in Indonesia, 2006: p. vii (cluster industries) p. 1 (geographic groupings of at least 20 similar enterprises)
Industry clusters : an Internet resource for economic developers, Oct. 5, 2006 (basic definition of an industry cluster is a geographical concentration of industries that gain performance advantages through co-location; two basic types of industry clusters: vertically-integrated cluster - made up of industries that are linked through buyer-seller relationships; horizontally-integrated cluster - includes industries which might share a common market for the end products, use a common technology or labor force skills, or require similar natural resources)
Texas Governor Rick Perry Industry Cluster Initiative Web page, Oct. 5, 2006 ("Industry cluster" means a concentration of businesses and industries in a geographic region that are interconnected by the markets they serve, the products they produce, their suppliers, the trade associations to which their employees belong, and the educational institutions from which their employees or prospective employees receive training.)
Tucson's new economy : high-tech cluster industries, via WWW, Oct. 5, 2006 (Cluster industries are networks of firms in the same industry that work together to promote their field and the local economy. There are six of them in Tucson: optics, aerospace, bioindustry, environmental technology, plastics and composite materials, and information technology and teleservices)
Gabe, T.M. Effects of industry agglomeration on indicators of growth and development in Maine, 2004: p. 7 (Industry Agglomerations)
Google search, Oct. 5, 2006 (366,000 hits for "industry clusters"; 20,600 for "industry clustering"; 232,000 for "industrial clusters"; 38,200 for "industrial clustering"; 14,500 for "cluster industries"; 32,200 for "industrial agglomeration"; 11,000 for "industry agglomeration"; 312 for "industry agglomerations"; 19,700 for "industrial agglomerations")
LC database, Oct. 5, 2006 (industrial clusters; industry clusters; industrial clustering; industrial agglomeration; financial services clustering; high-tech clusters; high-technology clusters; wine cluster; New York State industry cluster profile; clustering of industries; firm clusters)