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Semi-presidential system

LC control no.sh2007004976
Topical headingSemi-presidential system
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Semipresidential system
See alsoPolitical science
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Found inWork cat.: Semi-presidentialism outside Europe, 2007: p. 1 (Semi-presidentialism is where there is both a directly elected fixed-term president and a prime minister who is reponsible to the legislature)
Wikipedia, July 3, 2007 (Semi-presidential system. The semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day administration of the state. It differs from a parliamentary republic in that it has a popularly elected president who is more than a purely ceremonial figurehead. It differs from the presidential system in that the cabinet, although named by the president, is responsible to the legislature, which may force the cabinet to resign through a motion of no confidence)
Blackwell encyc. of political institutions, 1987 (semi-presidential systems: A term first employed by the French political scientist Maurice Duverger to designate a political system, such as that of the French Fifth Republic since 1962 in which a president elected by universal suffrage coexists with a Prime Minister and Cabinet responsible to the legislature.)
Google, Sept. 11, 2007 (semipresidential systems; semipresidentialism)