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Affricates (Phonetics)

LC control no.sh2016002622
Topical headingAffricates (Phonetics)
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See alsoPhonetics
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Found inWork cat.: Berns, J. Friction between phonetics and phonology, 2013: t.p. (the status of affricates) cover (Affricates, which we find for instance at the beginning of English chip, constitute one of the mysteries of phonological science. Linguists have been quarrelling for quite some time how this articulatory complex sound, consisting of a plosive released into a fricative, has to be described phonologically. That is, do languages, or rather speakers of a language, treat these units as a kind of plosive or as a balanced plosive-fricative combination?)
OED Online, Nov. 17, 2016 (Affricate. Phonetics. A phoneme which combines a plosive with an immediately following fricative or spirant sharing the same place of articulation)
Dictionary of linguistics and phonetics, 2008: affricate (A term used in the classification of consonant sounds on the basis of their manner of articulation: it refers to a sound made when the air-pressure behind a complete closure in the vocal tract is gradually released; the initial release produces a plosive, but the separation which follows is sufficiently slow to produce audible friction, and there is thus a fricative element in the sound also. While affricates are phonetically easy to define, it is often a problem for phonological analysis to decide whether a sequence of plosive and fricative elements constitutes a single functional unit, or is best analysed as two separate units)