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Palestinian Nakba, 1947-1948

LC control no.sh2021006805
Topical headingPalestinian Nakba, 1947-1948
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Variant(s)Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949--Forced removal of civilians
Nakba, 1947-1948
Nakbah, 1947-1948
Palestinian Catastrophe, 1947-1948
Palestine Nakba, 1947-1948
Palestinian Arabs--Israel--History--Expulsion, 1947-1948
See alsoPalestine--History--1917-1948
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Population transfers--Palestinian Arabs
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Found inWork cat.: An oral history of the Palestinian Nakba, 2018: p. 6 (it is seventy years since the Nakba, when the majority of Palestinians were driven out from their homeland) p. 58 (For the last decade or so, the discourse on the Palestinian ordeal of Israeli atrocities between 1947 and 1948 has largely been discussed in the context of the Nakba. This term, when used in Arabic, indicates a major loss, the death of not only loved ones but also the death or end of life for the mankoub, the individual or the group upon which a Nakba has befallen)
Masalha, N. The Palestine Nakba : decolonising history, narrating the subaltern, reclaiming memory, 2012: Introd. (1948 was the year of the Palestine Nakba (Catastrophe) the uprooting of the Palestinians and the dismemberment and de-Arabisation of historic Palestine)
Encyclopedia of the Palestinians, 2017, via Credo Reference, Nov. 17, 2021: Palestinian exodus (Stage 1, Dec. 1947-March 1948: estimated that as many as 75,000 left their homes. Stage 2: April-June 1948: approx. two dozen Palestinian villages were depopulated by Jewish expulsion orders during this period; some 250,000 to 300,000 Palestinians fled during this stage. Stage 4, July 8-18, 1948: IDF captured dozens of Palestinian towns and villages, and, in consequence, another 100,000 inhabitants fled; Stage 4: Oct.-Nov. 1948: about 200,000 Palestinians fled, mostly from the southern coastal plain and the northern Negev to the Gaza Strip and from the northern Galilee to Lebanon during the two major IDF offensives, Operations Yoav and Hiram; . IDF atrocities, expulsion orders, and intimidation contributed to the flight)
Dictionary of politics in the Middle East, 2018, via Oxford Reference, Nov. 17, 2021: Nakba (A term meaning 'catastrophe', used to denote the expulsion of up to 700,000 Palestinians before, during, and after the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. The period of the Nakba refers to events that took place between December 1947 and January 1949 and is subject to fierce controversy and contestation in Israeli and Arab narratives. Numerous reasons account for the exodus of large elements of the Palestinian population of what became the State of Israel in May 1948, including military defeat, paramilitary activities, Israeli expulsion orders, and Arab evacuation orders.)
New Oxford American dictionary, 2015, via Oxford Reference, Nov. 17, 2021: al-Nabka (noun the Arabic term for the events of 1948, when many Palestinians were displaced from their homeland by the creation of the new state of Israel)
Encyclopedia of race and racism, 2013, via Credo Reference, Nov. 17, 2021: Palestinian Nakba (the expulsion and flight of the Palestinians during the 1947-1948 war, the confiscation of their property, massacres committed by Zionist militias (and after May 14, 1948, by the Israel Defense Forces), the collapse of Palestinian society, and, ultimately, the loss of their homeland; the UN estimated that 726,000 Palestinians became refugees between Nov. 29, 1947, and 1948; some scholars estimate that about half of those who became refugees were forcibly expelled; some left voluntarily after hearing of Zionist (later Israeli) massacres and rapes of Palestinians; during 1947 and 1948, more than 350 Palestinian villages were abandoned or emptied, and most of them were destroyed)