|LC control no.||sh 85022606
|Topical heading||Chapters, Cathedral, collegiate, etc.
Collegiate chapters (Church polity)
|See also||Church polity
|Found in||Work cat.: 2017484622: Poder y privilegio : cabildos eclesiásticos en Nueva España, siglos XVI a XIX, 2016: t.p. ([cataloger's translation] Power and privilege : ecclesiastical chapters in New Spain, 16th to 19th centuries) p. 9 ([cataloger's translation] the chapters of the cathedrals of New Spain and the churches of independent Mexico) p. 10 ("The cathedral chapter," by John F. Schwaller, the article that begins this volume, translated into Spanish)
Catholic encyclopedia (Appleton), via WWW, viewed April 3, 2018 (chapter: The name Chapter (Latin capitulum), designating certain corporate ecclesiastical bodies, is said to be derived from the chapter of the rule book, which it was the custom to read in the assemblies of monks. By degrees the meeting itself was called the chapter and the place of meeting the chapter house. From these conventual chapters or meetings of monks for the transaction of business connected with their monasteries or orders, the designation passed over to somewhat analogous assemblies of other ecclesiastics. Hence we speak of collegiate chapters and of cathedral chapters. In general a chapter may be defined as an association of clerics of a certain church forming a moral body and instituted by ecclesiastical authority for the purpose of promoting the divine worship by means of choir service. If it be a cathedral chapter, however, its principal object is to assist the bishop in the government of his diocese, and the choir service is only secondary)
Concise Oxford dictionary of the Christian Church, 2014, via WWW, viewed April 3, 2018: under cathedral (in the C[hurch] of E[ngland], cathedrals are now governed by three bodies: the Chapter, consisting of the dean, the residentiary canons, and a few other persons, mainly lay; the College of Canons ...; and a Council composed of a lay chairperson ..., the dean, and members representing the Chapter, the College of Canons, the cathedral community, and other interests) under chapter (3. The members of any corporate body responsible for an ecclesiastical institution. Cathedral chapters in the C of E now comprise the dean, the residentiary canons, and a few other persons, mainly lay) under collegiate church (A church which is endowed for a body of canons and/or prebendaries (the 'chapter'), but is not, like a cathedral, a bishop's see)
New Westminster dictionary of church history, 2008- , via WWW, viewed April 3, 2018: v. 1, p. 132 (cathedral chapter: at the heart of the medieval diocese stood the first church of the bishop's see, staffed by the canons of the cathedral chapter; although the canons were originally dedicated to the celebration of the liturgy and the administration of the sacraments in the cathedral, they became increasingly involved in the affairs of the bishop and his diocese; throughout the 12th and 13th centuries canons became more and more involved in autonomous management of their endowed properties, protection of their legal rights and privileges, and the administration of the diocese, especially during episcopal vacancies) p. 161 (collegiate church: a non-episcopal church with a collegiate chapter of canons or canonesses led by a provost or dean, analogous to a cathedral chapter but with no say in the government of the diocese; a collegiate chapter could be founded at any church with enough assets to maintain a chapter of clergy; the first founders of collegiate chapters were bishops, who as heads of dioceses used them for spiritual and political purposes; later, emperors, kings and nobles founded collegiate chapters in their centers of power and used the institution to demonstrate their dominion, to provide pastoral care, or to serve a developing administration)