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Internment camps

LC control no.sh2020000306
LC classificationHV8963
Topical headingInternment camps
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Variant(s)Concentration camps
Incarceration camps
See alsonames of individual concentration and internment camps; and subdivision Concentration camps under individual wars, e.g., World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps
Detention of persons
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Scope noteHere are entered works on facilities established for the mass detainment of citizens and/or resident noncitizens who are incarcerated without charges by the government.
Found inJane McGrath "Did the United States Put Its Own Citizens in Concentration Camps During WWII?" 7 May 2009, article on How Stuff Works WWW site, April 16, 2021: (Franklin Delano Roosevelt made the decision to relocate more than 100,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans from their homes on the West Coast to camps around the country. Although FDR himself called them "concentration camps," we don't use that term today -- it's loaded because of its connection to the Holocaust in Nazi Germany. ... Though many argue that the forced relocation of Japanese and Japanese-Americans was primarily motivated by racism, the U.S. government cited national security reasons for the sweeping relocation. Nazi concentration camps were designed to extinguish the Jewish people, who the Nazis considered lesser beings, from the human race. Clearly, the use of the term "concentration camp" to describe U.S. relocation camps is misleading; for that reason, scholars prefer to call them internment camps.)
Adrian Myers, Gabriel Moshenska G. (eds) Archaeologies of Internment. 2011: page 4 (Internment camps are often used to control groups and populations on the move.)
OED online, April 14, 2021: internment camp (a camp in which prisoners of war, enemy aliens, political prisoners, etc., are detained without trial) concentration camp (A camp in which large numbers of people, esp. political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labour or to await mass execution)
National Museum of American History, website viewed August 30, 2021 The language of incarceration (In the 1940s, the War Relocation Authority, charged with implementing Executive Order 9066, used bureaucratic terminology to describe its operation. Scholars and members of the Japanese American community have since raised questions about how this language shaped or even distorted perceptions of the federal government's actions. They have developed alternate terminology to more accurately describe what happened, terms that are gradually becoming more widely accepted. We use these new terms throughout the exhibit. Original term: internment, current term: incarceration; original term: relocation center, current term: incarceration camp)
Invalid LCCNsh 85029589

Nazi concentration camps

LC control no.sh2021003726
LC classificationD805 D805.6
Topical headingNazi concentration camps
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Variant(s)Concentration camps
Concentration camps, Nazi
Death camps, Nazi
Extermination camps, Nazi
Nazi death camps
Nazi extermination camps
See alsoInternment camps
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Found inDan Stone. Concentration Camps : A short history, 2017: p. 123 (The crucial characteristic of a concentration camp is not whether it has barbed wire, fences, or watchtowers; it is, rather the gathering of civilians, defined by a regime as de facto 'enemies', in order to hold them against their will without charge in a place where the rule of law has been suspended. Interment camps for political prisoners and detention centres for asylum seekers are places where those inside are held against their will but not places, at least in theory, where the law does not apply--although it might well be bent somewhat.) p. 128 (What is so striking about this state of affairs is the extent to which the Nazi camps stand in for all camps.)
USHMM Holocaust encyclopedia, April 16, 2021: concentration camp (The term concentration camp refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy; Nazi concentration camps served three main purposes: to incarcerate people whom the regime perceived as a security threat; to eliminate people and targeted groups of people by murder, away from the public and judicial review; and to exploit forced labor)
Invalid LCCNsh 85029589