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Intellectual disability

LC control 85083658
LC classificationHV3004 HV3008 Social welfare
RC569.7 RC574 General
RJ506.M4 Pediatrics
Topical headingIntellectual disability
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Intellectual disabilities
Mental deficiency
Mental retardation
See alsoDevelopmental disabilities
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Psychology, Pathological
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People with mental disabilities
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Found inPresident's Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities Web site, June 24, 2005 ("In honor of the 13th anniversary (July 26, 2003) of the Americans with Disabilities Act, President George W. Bush signs the Executive Order renaming The President's Committee on Mental Retardation to The President's Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities (PCPID) ... ")
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities web site, Apr. 23, 2018 (The term or name for the condition we know today as intellectual disability has changed over time; most recently the condition was primarily known as mental retardation. AAIDD is proud to have been a leader in the adoption of the term intellectual disability in the clinical, scholarly, public policy, and education arenas. Although the name has changed, for more than 50 years the three essential elements for all US-based definitions for this condition--limitations in intellectual functioning, behavioral limitations in adapting to environmental demands, and early age on onset--have not substantially changed)
Disability scoop web site, Apr. 23, 2018: article dated Oct. 5, 2010 (Obama Signs Bill Replacing 'Mental Retardation' With 'Intellectual Disability': President Barack Obama signed legislation Tuesday requiring the federal government to replace the term "mental retardation" with "intellectual disability" in many areas of government. The measure known as Rosa's Law was approved unanimously by Congress before receiving the go-ahead from the president with little fanfare this week. Under the law, "mental retardation" and "mentally retarded" will be stripped from federal health, education and labor policy. "Intellectual disability" and "individual with an intellectual disability" will be inserted in their place. The rights of individuals with disabilities will remain the same)
Federal register, Aug. 1, 2013 ruling, Social Security Administration, viewed online, Apr. 23, 2018 (effective Sept. 3, 2013: "We are replacing the term 'mental retardation' with 'intellectual disability' in our Listing of Impairments (listings) that we use to evaluate claims involving mental disorders in adults and children under titles II and XVI of the Social Security Act (Act) and in other appropriate sections of our rules. This change reflects the widespread adoption of the term 'intellectual disability' by Congress, government agencies, and various public and private organizations")