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Mozambique--History--Independence and Civil War, 1975-1994

LC control 85088193
LC classificationDT3389 DT3398
Geographic headingMozambique--History--Independence and Civil War, 1975-1994
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Variant(s)Mozambique--History--Civil War, 1976-1994
Found inMAG3 Jan. 2, 1998 (UN troops withdrawing 1995 after peaceful multiparty elections in 1994 as required by peace agreement of 1992; first multiparty elections since 1975; results accepted by RENAMO)
Britannica Micro.: v. 8, p. 384 (Mozambique achieved independence on June 25, 1975)
Collier's encyc.: v. 16, pp. 682F-683 (Frelimo problems were made much worse by the destruction and disruption caused by an undeclared war waged by Rhodesia and, after 1980, by South Africa against Mozambicans and their economy. This war was waged by a surrogate army of guerrillas known as Mozambique National Resistance or Renamo. The Rhodesian government created Renamo in 1976 to punish Mozambique for complying with UN trade sanctions against Rhodesia.)