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Museum techniques

LC control 85088722
LC classificationAM111 AM160
Topical headingMuseum techniques
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Variant(s)Applied museology
Museum practices
See alsoMuseum studies
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Found inBlanchet, J. Lexique de museĢologie = Glossary of museology, ©1989 (museography: Techniques and methods used in the classification and display of museum objects; museology: Science or study concerned with the management, organization and equipment or museums)
Key concepts of museology, 2010 (Museography (Museum Practice). The term museography first appeared in the 18th century and is older than the word museology. It has three specific meanings: 1. Currently museography is essentially defined as the practical or applied aspect of museology, that is to say the techniques which have been developed to fulfil museal operations, in particular with regard to the planning and fitting out of the museum premises, conservation, restoration, security and exhibition. In contrast to museology, the word museography has long been used to identify the practical activities associated with museums. The term is regularly used in the French-speaking world, but rarely in the English-speaking one, where museum practice is preferred. Many museologists from Central and Eastern Europe have used the term applied museology, that is to say, the practical application of techniques resulting from the study of museology. 2. In French the use of the term museography identifies the art (or the techniques) of exhibitions. 3. Formerly and through its etymology, museography referred to the description of the contents of a museum. Just as a bibliography is one of the fundamental stages of scientific research, museography was devised as a way to facilitate the search for documentary sources of objects in order to develop their systematic study. This meaning endured throughout the 19th century and still continues today in some languages, in particular Russian)
Britannica online, Oct. 11, 2021 (under museum: Museology and museography: Along with the identification of a clear role for museums in society, there gradually developed a body of theory the study of which is known as museology; the theory's practical applications, known as museography; the terms museology and museography have been used indiscriminately in the literature, and there is a tendency, particularly in English-speaking countries, to use museology or museum studies to embrace both the theory and practice of museums)