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Mustard gas

LC control 85089113
LC classificationRA1247.M8 Toxicology
UG447.5.M8 Military science
Topical headingMustard gas
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Variant(s)Agent HD
Agent THD
Dichlorodiethyl sulfide
Dichloroethyl sulfide
HD (Chemical agent)
Sulfur mustard
THD (Chemical agent)
Yellow cross liquid
Yperite (Poison gas)
See alsoAlkylating agents
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Chemical agents (Munitions)
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Dermatologic agents
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Gases, Asphyxiating and poisonous
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Organochlorine compounds
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Organosulfur compounds
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Found inMedical defenses against mustard gas ... 1991.
MeSH browser, May 24, 2007 (Mustard Gas. Entry terms: Dichlorodiethyl Sulfide, Sulfur Mustard, Di-2-chloroethyl Sulfide, Yperite) May 1, 2017 (Mustard Gas. UF Bis(beta-chloroethyl) Sulfide; Di-2-chloroethyl Sulfide; Dichlorodiethyl Sulfide; Mustardgas; Psoriazin; Sulfur Mustard; Yellow Cross Liquid; Yperite. BT Mustard Compounds. SN Severe irritant and vesicant of skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause blindness and lethal lung edema and was formerly used as a war gas. The substance has been proposed as a cytostatic and for treatment of psoriasis. It has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens. Pharm Action: Chemical Warfare Agents; Dermatologic Agents)
Web. 3 (mustard gas: a vesicant war gas; also called dichloroethyl sulfide, sulfur mustard)
Dorland's med. dict.
Stedman's med. dict.
NIST Chemistry WebBook, May 1, 2017 (Bis(2-chloroethyl) sulphide. Formula: C₄H₈Cl₂S. CAS Registry Number: 505-60-2)
Wikipedia, May 1, 2017 (Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs. They have a long history of use as a blister-agent in warfare and along with organoarsenic compounds are the most well-studied such agents. Related chemical compounds with similar chemical structure and similar properties form a class of compounds known collectively as sulfur mustards or mustard agents. Pure sulfur mustards are colorless, viscous liquids at room temperature. When used in impure form, such as warfare agents, they are usually yellow-brown and have an odor resembling mustard plants, garlic, or horseradish, hence the name; it is strongly mutagenic and carcinogenic, due to its alkylating properties; Mustard agent was dispersed as an aerosol in a mixture with other chemicals, giving it a yellow-brown color and a distinctive odor. Mustard agent has also been dispersed in such munitions as aerial bombs, land mines, mortar rounds, artillery shells, and rockets; Preferred IUPAC name: 1-Chloro-2-[(2-chloroethyl)sulfanyl]ethane)
American Chemical Society Common chemistry website, May 1, 2017 (CAS Registry Number: 505-60-2. CA Index Name: Ethane, 1,1'-thiobis[2-chloro-. Synonyms: 1,1'-Thiobis[2-chloroethane]; 1-Chloro-2-([beta]-chloroethylthio)ethane; 2,2'-DICHLORDIAETHYLSULFID; 2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl sulfide; 2,2'-Dichloroethyl sulfide; Agent HD; Agent THD; Bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide; Bis([beta]-chloroethyl) sulfide; Di-2-chloroethyl sulfide; Ethane, 1,1'-thiobis[2-chloro- ; Ethane, 1,1'-thiobis[2-chloro- ; HD; HD (chemical warfare agent); Iprit; Kampstoff Lost; Mustard; Mustard gas; Mustard gas [ethane, 1,1'-thiobis[2-chloro-]; Senfgas; S-Lost; Sulfide, bis(2-chloroethyl); Sulfur mustard; Sulfur mustard gas; Sulfure de bis(2-chloroethyle); S-Yperite; THD; THD (chemical warfare agent); Yellow cross liquid; Yperite; [beta],[beta]'-Dichlorodiethyl sulfide; [beta],[beta]'-Dichloroethyl sulfide; [beta]-Chloroethylisobutyl sulfide)
Federation of American Scientists web site, Nov. 6, 2017 Types of Chemical Weapons (Blister or vesicant agents include: HD - sulfur mustard, or yperite, HN - nitrogen mustard, L - lewisite (arsenical vesicants may be used in a mixture with HD), CX - phosgene (properties and effects are very different from other vesicants))