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Netherlands--History--Eighty Years' War, 1568-1648

LC control 85091001
LC classificationDH185 DH207
Geographic headingNetherlands--History--Eighty Years' War, 1568-1648
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Variant(s)Dutch Revolt, Netherlands, 1568-1648
Eighty Years' War, Netherlands, 1568-1648
Netherlands--History--Dutch Revolt, 1568-1648
Netherlands--History--Wars of Independence, 1556-1648
Found inWork cat.: Fagel, R.P. Kapitein Julián: de Spaanse held van de Nederlandse Opstand, 2011.
Britannica Online, Mar. 16. 2012: Eighty Years' War (Eighty Years' War, 1568--1648, the war of Netherlands independence from Spain, which led to the separation of the northern and southern Netherlands and to the formation of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (the Dutch Republic))
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam WWW site, Mar. 16, 2012 (Dutch Revolt: the Eighty Years War, 1568-1648, in which the Dutch fought off Spanish rule, led to the foundation of the Dutch Republic)
Dutch Wikipedia, Mar. 16, 2012 (The Eighty Years' War, also called the Revolt or the Dutch Revolt in modern historiography, is the name for a revolt and conflict in the Netherlands, 1568-1648)
World book, 2010: Netherlands: History (Charles gave up the rule of the Low Countries and of Spain, in 1555 and 1556, to his son, Philip II. Philip stepped up the struggle against Protestants and tried to take complete power over the Low Countries. In 1566, the people began to rebel. In 1568, William I (called the Silent), prince of Orange, led the nobles in revolt ... The Dutch fought for their freedom until 1648, except for a temporary peace from 1609 to 1621. Spain finally recognized Dutch independence in 1648)
Encyclopedia Americana, 2005: Netherlands: History (a league of nobles led by William (the Silent) of Nassau and the counts of Egmont and Hoorn obtained the removal of the chief minister in 1564; in 1566 a group of lesser nobles from the north and south petitioned Margaret for [a variety of things]; the lower classes were also discontented; widespread rioting and desecration of Roman Catholic churches incensed Philip; in 1567 he ordered an army of 20,000 to suppress the rebels; the terror induced did much to turn the discontent into organized rebellion; led to the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648) of the Netherlands against Spain; began more as a war for reform than for independence; Spain recognized the independence of the United Provinces by the Peace of Westphalia of 1648)
American academic encylopedia, 1997: Dutch Revolt (began in the southern provinces of Flanders and Brabant in 1566; in 1567 a Spanish army was sent to quell the uprising, but the revolt spread; Dutch republic was accorded international de jure recognition by the Peace of Westphalia (1648))