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LC control 85098453
Topical headingPassacaglias
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See alsoVariations
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Scope noteHere are entered collections of passacaglias for various mediums of performance. Individual passacaglias and collections of passacaglias for a specific medium of performance are entered under the heading followed by the medium. Works about the passacaglia are entered under the heading Passacaglia.
Subject example tracingNote under Passacaglia
Found inNew Grove, 2nd ed. WWW site, Nov. 15, 2002 (Passacaglia: in 19th- and 20th-century music, a set of ground-bass or ostinato variations, usually of a serious character; in the earliest sources, a short, improvised ritornello between the strophes of a song; the term is sometimes used interchangeably with "chaconne")
New Harvard dict. mus. (Passacaglia: continuous variation form, principally of the Baroque, whose basso ostinato formulas originally derived from ritornellos to early 17th-century songs; developed in a way quite similar to the chaconne)
Oxf. comp. mus., 2002 (passacaglia: through-composed variation form constructed over formal harmonic progressions, used widely in the Baroque era but with origins in the Spanish street dance, the pasacalle; like the chaconne, which also used specific basso ostinato formulas, the passacaglia became a separately identifiable extended late Baroque form; in both French and German music the term was often confounded with "chaconne," in spite of attempts by several theorists to distinguish the two)