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Philippines--History--Philippine American War, 1899-1902

LC control 85100792
LC classificationDS682 DS684.3 Military history
Geographic headingPhilippines--History--Philippine American War, 1899-1902
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Variant(s)Filipino American War, Philippines, 1899-1902
Philippine American War, Philippines, 1899-1902
Philippine Insurrection, Philippines, 1899-1902
Philippines--History--Insurrection, 1899-1901
United States--History--Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1902
Found inAcad. Am. encyc.: v. 15, p. 238 (1899-1901; Aguinaldo led a war against his country's new colonial rulers)
Collier's: v. 18, p. 695 (After a fierce struggle known as the Philippine American War, in which more than 200,000 Filipino civilians died from direct and indirect effects of the fighting, the U.S. expeditionary forces prevailed.)
Americana: v. 21, pp. 914-915 (Inevitable armed incident occurred on Feb. 4, 1899...Philippine-American War (or as it was originally called, the Philippine Insurrection)...Although the end of the war is usually dated to Aguinaldo's oath of allegiance to the U.S. in April 1901, resistance continued.)
World Book: v. 15, p. 408 (Filipino-American War)
Welch, R.E. Response to imperialism, the U.S. and the Philippine-American War, 1899-1902, c1979: p. xiii (the Philippine-American War, fought for the purpose of retaining a Pacific archipelago ceded to the U.S. by Spain in Dec. 1898. The war began on Sat. evening 4 Feb. 1899. Once labelled the 'Filipino Insurrection.") p. 42 (Congress passed on 1 July 1902 the Philippine Government Act and Theodore Roosevelt on 4 July declared the 'insurrection' ended and proclaimed executive clemency.)
Twain, M. Mark Twain's weapons of satire: anti-imperialist writings on the Philippine-American War, 1992: p. xvii (U.S. first protracted war in Asia) p. xviii (U.S. had to defeat the Filipino's poorly armed but popular army and abolish the newly established republic. The war that accomplished this feat officially lasted from Feb. 1899 to July 1902. Known at the time as the 'Philippine Insurrection', it involved more U.S. Troops, cost more lives, and had a more significant impact on the U.S. than the three month Spanish American War that preceded it.)
Zaide, G.F. Philippine history for high schools, 1978 (Philippine-American War, 1899-1902; started in Feb. 4, 1899 ... when an American sentry shot and killed a Filipino soldier trying to cross the San Juan del Monte bridge ... April 16, 1902: ended when General Malvar the last Filipino general surrendered to the American forces.)