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LC control 98001754
LC classificationQL375 QL379 Zoology
Topical headingCnidaria
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See alsoInvertebrates
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Found inEncyc. Brit. (Cnidarians; phylum Cnidaria; "An alternative name for the phylum is Coelenterata, which refers to their simple organization around a central body cavity (the coelenteron). As first defined, Coelenterata included not only the animals now designated cnidarians but also sponges (phylum Porifera) and comb jellies (phylum Ctenophora). In contemporary usage, "coelenterate" generally refers only to cnidarians, but the latter term is used in order to avoid ambiguity.")
Concise encyc. biology, 1996 (Cnidaria: a phylum of the Coelenterata; Coelenterata: a subdivision of the Eumetazoa. The Coelenterata are divided into 2 phyla: Cnidaria and Ctenophora)
Barnes, R.S.K. The invertebrates, 1988: p. 55 (Phylum Cnidaria (hydras, jellyfish, anemones, corals)) p. 70 ("... for a long time the ctenophores were classed together with cnidarians in a single phylum: the Coelenterata. The two separate phyla, Cnidaria and Ctenophora, are still often united in a division of the animal kingdom known as Radiata (referring to their symmetry).")
Lawrence, E. Henderson's dict. of biological terms, 1995 (Cnidaria: phylum of simple, aquatic, mostly marine invertebrate animals containing corals, sea fans and sea anemones (class Anthozoa), the hydroids and milleporine corals (Hydrozoa), the jellyfishes (Scyphozoa) and the box-jellies (Cubozoa). They include both colonial and solitary forms ... With the phylum Ctenophora, the Cnidaria form the large grouping known as the coelenterates; coelenterates: the animal phyla Cnidaria (corals, sea anemones, jellyfish and hydroids) and Ctenophora (sea combs or sea gooseberries) collectively)
Syn. liv. org.: v. 1, p. 669 (Cnidaria. "Sometimes used synonymously with the term Coelenterata, Cnidaria is preferable, since the former may also be a label for Cnidaria and Ctenophora together, and it also originally included Porifera"; cnidarians)
A synoptic classification of living organisms, 1984: p. 140 (Phylum Cnidaria; cnidarians)
Thain, M. The Penguin dict. of biology, 1994 (Cnidaria: Subphylum of the coelenterata containing hydroids, jellyfish, sea anemones and corals; Coelenterata: Phylum of diploblastic and radially symmetrical aquatic animals, comprising the subphyla Cnidaria and Ctenophora)
Lincoln, R.J. The Cambridge ill. dict. of natural history, 1987 (Cnidaria. Coelenterates; phylum of mostly marine multicellular animals ... also known as the Radiata because of their radial symmetry; comprises 4 extant classes, Anthozoa, Cubozoa, Hydrozoa and Scyphozoa; Coelenterata. Coelenterates; this name has been used to refer to the Cnidaria q.v., and to both the Cnidaria and the Ctenophora q.v.)
Microscopic anatomy of invertebrates, c1991: v. 2, t.p. (Cnidaria) p. 91 (cnidarians)
Invalid LCCNsh 85027667